|12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2022
|Business Combination and Asset Acquisition [Abstract]
Acquisition Summary – On December 1, 2021 (“Acquisition Date”), we entered into a definitive agreement and acquired (“DSS Acquisition”) the services and industrial staffing businesses (“DSS Business”) of Dynamic Industries, Inc. (“Dynamic”) for $7.6 million (“Purchase Price”). We also hired substantially all of the employees of the DSS Business. In connection with the DSS Acquisition, during 2021 we incurred transaction costs of $0.5 million, which are included in other (income) expense, net on our Statement of Operations and are reflected within our Services Division.
Purchase Price Allocation – The Purchase Price was allocated to the major categories of assets and liabilities acquired based upon estimates of their fair values at the Acquisition Date, which were based, in part, upon outside appraisals for certain assets, including property, machinery and equipment and specifically-identifiable intangible assets. The excess of the Purchase Price over the estimated fair value of the net tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired was recorded as goodwill. The factors contributing to the goodwill (which is all deductible for tax purposes) include the acquired established workforce, estimated future cost savings and revenue synergies associated with the DSS Business. The following table summarizes our purchase price allocation at the Acquisition Date (in thousands):
Represents an acquired operating facility located in Ingleside, Texas (“Ingleside Facility”). The fair value of the facility was estimated based on a third-party appraisal.
Represents acquired machinery, equipment and vehicles. The fair values of the assets were estimated based on third-party appraisals.
Represents a fabrication and operating facility located in Harvey, Louisiana (“Harvey Option Facility”) that was subject to both a lease arrangement with Dynamic and a separate purchase option that provided us with a right to buy the facility from Dynamic prior to December 2, 2022, for a nominal amount (“Harvey Option”). We believed it was probable we would exercise the Harvey Option, and accordingly, concluded that the arrangement represented a finance lease under the guidance of ASC 842,“Leases”, due to the Harvey Option representing a bargain purchase option. Therefore, we reflected the estimated fair value of the Harvey Option Facility plus future lease payment obligations as a right-of-use asset in our purchase price allocation, with the estimated fair value based on a combination of a third-party appraisal, third-party indications of interest for the facility, and indications of value communicated by and between us and Dynamic during the due diligence process. We subsequently determined that the Harvey Option Facility was no longer necessary for our future operations, and during the third quarter 2022, we sold the Harvey Option to a third-party for $2.1 million ($1.9 million, net of transaction and other costs). No material gain or loss was recognized on the sale of the Harvey Option as the net proceeds approximated the carrying value of the underlying right-of-use asset. The net proceeds from the sale are reflected on our Statement of Cash Flows within proceeds from the sale of property and equipment.
Represents the estimated fair value of existing underlying customer relationships with estimated lives of seven years. The fair value was estimated based on a multi-period excess earnings method which incorporated Level 3 inputs. The significant assumptions used in estimating fair value included revenue and income projections for the DSS Business and the estimated discount rate that reflects the level of risk associated with receiving future cash flows. Amortization expense for our intangible assets was $0.1 million for 2022 and was not material for 2021. At December 31, 2022, our intangible asset balance totaled $0.8 million and amortization expense is estimated to be $0.1 to $0.2 for each of 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027 and 2028.
Represents a base cash purchase price of $8.0 million, less $0.4 million attributable to assumed employee vacation obligations.
Supplemental Pro Forma Financial Information – The following unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information (“Pro Forma Information”) gives effect to the DSS Acquisition, accounted for as a business combination using the purchase method of accounting. The Pro Forma Information reflects the DSS Acquisition and related events as if they occurred on January 1, 2020 (the earliest period presented in our 2021 Financial Statements), and gives effect to pro forma events that are directly attributable to the DSS Acquisition, factually supportable and expected to have a continuing impact on the combined results of the Company and the DSS Business following the DSS Acquisition. The Pro Forma Information for 2021 includes adjustments to: (1) remove acquisition costs of $0.5 million, (2) include incremental intangibles amortization and depreciation expense of $0.3 million associated with fair value adjustments related to the DSS Acquisition, and (3) include the historical results of the DSS Business. Revenue and net income attributable to the DSS Business for 2021 prior to the Acquisition Date was $44.9 million and $2.4 million, respectively. Revenue and net loss attributable to the DSS Business for 2021 subsequent to the Acquisition Date was $3.2 million and $0.5 million (including acquisition costs of $0.5 million), respectively. The Pro Forma Information has been presented for illustrative purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of the operating results that would have been achieved had the pro forma events taken place on the dates indicated. Further, the Pro Forma Information does not purport to project the future operating results of the combined company following the DSS Acquisition. The following table presents the Pro Forma Information for 2021 (in thousands, except per share data):
Goodwill Impairment Assessment – As discussed in Note 1, goodwill is not amortized, but instead is reviewed for impairment at least annually at reporting level, absent any indicators of impairment or when other actions require an impairment assessment (such as a change in reporting units). We perform our annual impairment assessment during the fourth quarter of each year based on balances as of October 1. At October 1, 2022, our DSS Business within our Services Division represented our only reporting unit associated with our goodwill related to the DSS Acquisition. However, during the fourth quarter 2022, we completed the integration of the DSS Business with our legacy businesses within our Services Division. In connection therewith, we reevaluated our reporting units and determined that the Services Division, as a whole, was our reporting unit. Accordingly, we performed a quantitative assessment of goodwill for our reporting units as of October 1, 2022, both before and after the change in reporting units, and the fair value of each reporting unit exceeded the respective net book values of the reporting unit by a substantial amount (due in part to a reduction in the net assets of the DSS Business resulting from the sale of the Harvey Option discussed above). See Note 1 for further discussion of our goodwill.