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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

(Mark One)

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                      TO                     

Commission File Number 001-34279

 

GULF ISLAND FABRICATION, INC.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its Charter)

 

 

Louisiana

72-1147390

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

16225 Park Ten Place, Suite 300

Houston, Texas

77084

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (713714-6100

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Trading

Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock

 

GIFI

 

NASDAQ

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act.  Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

  

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

  

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.  

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes  No 

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the Registrant, based on the closing price of the shares of common stock on The NASDAQ Stock Market on June 30, 2021 was $60,454,000.

The number of shares of Registrant’s Common Stock outstanding as of March 22, 2022, was 15,775,304.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the registrant’s definitive proxy statement to be prepared for use in connection with the registrant’s 2022 annual meeting of shareholders have been

incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

 


 

 

GULF ISLAND FABRICATION, INC.

ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K FOR

THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2021

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

Page

Glossary of Terms

ii

 

 

PART I

2

Items 1 and 2. Business and Properties

2

Item 1A Risk Factors

9

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

21

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

21

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

21

 

 

PART II

21

Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Shareholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

21

Item 6. Selected Financial Data

21

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

22

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

41

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

41

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

41

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures

41

Item 9B. Other Information

41

Item 9C. Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdiction That Prevent Inspections

41

 

 

PART III

42

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

42

Item 11. Executive Compensation

42

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Shareholder Matters

42

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

42

Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services

42

 

 

PART IV

43

Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

43

Item 16. Form 10-K Summary

43

 

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

F-1

EXHIBIT INDEX

E-1

SIGNATURES

S-1

 

 

i


 

 

GLOSSARY OF TERMS

As used in this report filed on form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 (“2021 Annual Report” or “this Report”), the following abbreviations and terms have the meanings listed below. In addition, the terms “Gulf Island,” “the Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to Gulf Island Fabrication, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. Certain terms defined below may be redefined separately within this Report when we believe providing a definition upon the first use of the term will assist users of this Report. Unless and as otherwise stated, any references in this Report to any agreement means such agreement and all schedules, exhibits and attachments in each case as amended, restated, supplemented or otherwise modified to the date of filing this Report.

 

Acquisition Date

The closing date of the DSS Acquisition of December 1, 2021.

 

 

Active Retained    Shipyard Contracts

Contracts and related obligations for our seventy-vehicle ferry project and two forty-vehicle ferry projects that are under construction, which were excluded from the Shipyard Transaction.

 

 

AHFS

Assets Held for Sale.

 

 

ASC

Accounting Standards Codification.

 

 

ASU

Accounting Standards Update.

 

 

Balance Sheet

Our Consolidated Balance Sheets, as filed in this Report.

 

 

Bollinger

Bollinger Houma Shipyards, L.L.C. and Bollinger Shipyards Lockport, L.L.C.

 

 

Cash-Settled RSUs

RSUs settled in cash.

 

 

CARES Act

The Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act, as amended.

 

 

contract assets

Costs and estimated earnings recognized to date in excess of cumulative billings.

 

 

contract liabilities

Cumulative billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings recognized to date and accrued contract losses.

 

 

COVID-19

The ongoing global coronavirus pandemic.

 

 

deck

The component of a platform on which drilling, production, separating, gathering, piping, compression, well support, crew quartering and other functions related to offshore oil and gas development are conducted.

 

 

Deferred Transaction Price

The portion of the Transaction Price totaling $0.9 million that is to be received upon Bollinger’s collection of certain customer payments associated with the Divested Shipyard Contracts.

 

 

Divested Shipyard Contracts

Contracts and related obligations for our three research vessel projects and five towing, salvage and rescue ship projects that were included in the Shipyard Transaction.

 

 

DSS Acquisition

The acquisition of the DSS Business from Dynamic on December 1, 2021.

 

 

DSS Business

The services and industrial staffing businesses of Dynamic, which were acquired on December 1, 2021 in connection with the DSS Acquisition.

 

 

DTA(s)

Deferred Tax Asset(s).

 

 

Dynamic

Dynamic Industries, Inc.

 

 

EPC

Engineering, procurement and construction phases of a complex project that requires project management and coordination of these significant activities.

 

 

ESG

Environmental, Social and Governance.

 

 

Exchange Act

Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

 

 

F&S Facility

Our Fabrication & Services Division’s owned facility located in Houma, Louisiana.

 

 

F&S Facilities

Our F&S Facility, Ingleside Facility, Harvey Facility and other facilities that support our F&S Division.

 

 

Fabrication & Services

Our Fabrication & Services Division (also referred to herein as F&S).

 

 

FASB

Financial Accounting Standards Board.

 

 

Financial Statements

Our Consolidated Financial Statements, including comparative consolidated Balance Sheets, Statements of Operations, Statements of Changes in Shareholders' Equity and Statements of Cash Flows, as filed in this Report.

 

 

GAAP

Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in the U.S.

 

 

GOM

Gulf of Mexico.

 

 

Gulf Coast

Along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico.

 

 

Harvey Facility

Our leased facility located in Harvey, Louisiana assumed in connection with the DSS Acquisition that is subject to the Harvey Option.

 

 

Harvey Option

Purchase option entered into in connection with the DSS Acquisition that enables us to buy the Harvey Facility prior to December 2, 2022 for a nominal amount.

 

 

Incentive Plans

Long-term incentive plans under which equity or cash-based awards may be made to eligible employees and non-employee directors.

 

 

Ingleside Facility

Our owned facility located in Ingleside, Texas acquired in connection with the DSS Acquisition.

 

 

inland

Typically, bays, lakes and marshy areas.

 

 

ISO

International Standard Organization based in Geneva, Switzerland.

 

 

jacket

A component of a fixed platform consisting of a tubular steel, braced structure extending from the mudline of the seabed to a point above the water surface. The jacket is anchored with tubular steel pilings driven into the seabed. The jacket supports the deck structure located above the water.

 

 

Jennings Facility

Our Shipyard Division's leased facility located near Jennings, Louisiana, which was closed in the fourth quarter 2020.

 

 

labor hours

Hours worked by employees directly involved in the production of our products or delivery of our services.

 

 

Lake Charles Facility

Our Shipyard Division's leased facility located near Lake Charles, Louisiana, which was closed in the fourth quarter 2020.

 

 

LC Facility

Our $20.0 million letter of credit facility with Whitney Bank maturing June 30, 2023, as amended.

 

 

LNG

Liquified Natural Gas.

 

 

Mortgage Agreement

Multiple indebtedness mortgage arrangement with one of our Sureties, to secure our obligations and liabilities under our general indemnity agreement with the Surety associated with outstanding surety bonds for certain contracts, which encumbers all remaining real estate that was not sold in connection with the Shipyard Transaction and includes certain covenants and events of default.

 

 

modules

Fabricated structures that include structural steel, piping, valves, fittings, storage vessels and other equipment that are incorporated into a refining, petrochemical, LNG or industrial system. These modules are prefabricated at our facilities and then transported to the customer's location for final integration.

 

 

MPSV(s)

Multi-Purpose Supply Vessel(s).

 

 

NOL(s)

Net operating loss(es) that are available to offset future taxable income, subject to certain limitations.

 

 

offshore

In unprotected waters outside coastlines.

 

 

onshore

Inside the coastline on land.

 

 

OPEC

Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries.

 

 

OSHA

Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

 

 

performance obligation

A contractual obligation to construct and transfer a distinct good or service to a customer. It is the unit of account in Topic 606. The transaction price of a contract is allocated to each distinct performance obligation and recognized as revenue when, or as, the performance obligation is satisfied.

 

 

piles

Rigid tubular pipes that are driven into the seabed to support platforms.

 

 

platform

 

A structure from which offshore oil and gas development drilling and production are conducted.

 

 

PPP

Paycheck Protection Program administered by the SBA under the CARES Act.

 

 

PPP Loan

Our $10.0 million loan from Whitney Bank issued pursuant to the PPP.

 

 

Pro Forma Information

 

The condensed combined financial information that gives effect to the DSS Acquisition as if it had occurred on January 1, 2020.

 

 

Purchase Price

The purchase price of $7.6 million associated with the DSS Acquisition.

 

 

Restrictive Covenant Agreement

Restrictive covenant arrangement with one of our Sureties, to secure our obligations and liabilities under our general indemnity agreement with the Surety associated with its outstanding surety bonds for certain contracts, which precludes us from paying dividends or repurchasing shares of our common stock.

 

 

Retained Shipyard Contracts

Contracts and related obligations for the Active Retained Shipyard Contracts and two MPSV projects that are subject to dispute, which were excluded from the Shipyard Transaction.

 

 

RSUs

Restricted Stock Units.

 

 

SAB

Staff Accounting Bulletin.

 

 

SBA

Small Business Administration.

 

 

SEC

U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

 

Shipyard

Our Shipyard Division.

 

 

Shipyard Facility

Our Shipyard Division’s owned facility located in Houma, Louisiana, which was sold in connection with the Shipyard Transaction.

 

 

Shipyard Transaction

The sale of our Shipyard Division’s operating assets and certain construction contracts on April 29, 2021, which included the Divested Shipyard Contracts and our Shipyard Facility.

 

 

Spud barge

Construction barge rigged with vertical tubular or square lengths of steel pipes that are lowered to anchor the vessel.

 

 

Statement of Cash Flows

Our Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, as filed in this Report.

 

 

Statement of Operations

Our Consolidated Statements of Operations, as filed in this Report.

 

 

Statement of Shareholders’ Equity

Our Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity, as filed in this Report.

 

 

Surety or Sureties

A financial institution that issues bonds to customers on behalf of the Company for the purpose of providing third-party financial assurance related to the performance of our contracts.

 

 

T&M

Work performed and billed to the customer generally at contracted time and material rates, cost plus or other variable fee arrangements which can include a mark-up.

 

 

Topic 606

The revenue recognition criteria prescribed under ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers.

 

 

Transaction Date

The closing date of the Shipyard Transaction of April 19, 2021.

 

 

Transaction Price

The base sales price of $28.6 million associated with the Shipyard Transaction.

 

 

U.S.

The United States of America.

 

 

USL&H

United States Longshoreman and Harbor Workers Act.

 

 

VA(s)

Valuation Allowance(s).

 

 

Whitney Bank

Hancock Whitney Bank.

 

 

Working Capital True-Up

The $7.8 million received in connection with the Shipyard Transaction associated with changes in working capital for the Divested Shipyard Contracts from December 31, 2020 through the Transaction Date.

 

 

 

 

ii


 

 

Cautionary Statement on Forward-Looking Information

This Report contains forward-looking statements in which we discuss our potential future performance. Forward-looking statements, within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, are all statements other than statements of historical facts, such as projections or expectations relating to timing of wind down of our Shipyard Division operations, diversification and entry into new end markets, improvement of risk profile, industry outlook, oil and gas prices, timing of investment decisions and new project awards, operating cash flows, capital expenditures, liquidity and tax rates. The words “anticipates,” “may,” “can,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “projects,” “targets,” “intends,” “likely,” “will,” “should,” “to be,” “potential” and any similar expressions are intended to identify those assertions as forward-looking statements.

We caution readers that forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and actual results may differ materially from those anticipated, projected or assumed in the forward-looking statements. Important factors that can cause our actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements include: the final assessment of damage at our Houma facilities and infrastructure challenges in the Houma area following Hurricane Ida and the related recovery of any insurance proceeds; the duration and scope of, and uncertainties associated with, the ongoing global pandemic caused by COVID-19 (including new and emerging strains and variants) and the war in Ukraine and the corresponding volatility in oil prices and the impact thereof on our business; our ability to secure new project awards, including fabrication projects for refining, petrochemical, LNG, industrial and sustainable energy end markets; our ability to improve project execution; our inability to realize the expected financial benefits of the Shipyard Transaction; the cyclical nature of the oil and gas industry; competition; consolidation of our customers; timing and award of new contracts; reliance on significant customers; financial ability and credit worthiness of our customers; nature of our contract terms; competitive pricing and cost overruns on our projects; adjustments to previously reported profits or losses under the percentage-of-completion method; weather conditions; changes in contract estimates; suspension or termination of projects; our ability to raise additional capital; our ability to amend or obtain new debt financing or credit facilities on favorable terms; our ability to generate sufficient cash flow; our ability to sell certain assets; any future asset impairments; utilization of facilities or closure or consolidation of facilities; customer or subcontractor disputes; our ability to resolve the dispute with a customer relating to the purported terminations of contracts to build two MPSVs and the dispute with a customer related to contracts to build two forty-vehicle ferries, as well as other material legal proceedings that may arise; operating dangers and limits on insurance coverage; barriers to entry into new lines of business; our ability to employ skilled workers; loss of key personnel; performance of subcontractors and dependence on suppliers; changes in trade policies of the U.S. and other countries, including in response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine; compliance with regulatory and environmental laws; lack of navigability of canals and rivers; systems and information technology interruption or failure and data security breaches; performance of partners in any future joint ventures and other strategic alliances; shareholder activism; focus on environmental, social and governance factors by institutional investors and regulators; and other factors described under “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item 1A of this Report as may be updated by subsequent filings with the SEC.

Additional factors or risks that we currently deem immaterial, that are not presently known to us or that arise in the future could also cause our actual results to differ materially from our expected results. Given these uncertainties, investors are cautioned that many of the assumptions upon which our forward-looking statements are based are likely to change after the date the forward-looking statements are made, which we cannot control. Further, we may make changes to our business plans that could affect our results. We caution investors that we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date made, for any reason, whether as a result of new information, future events or developments, changed circumstances, or otherwise, and notwithstanding any changes in our assumptions, changes in business plans, actual experience or other changes.


1


 

 

PART I

Items 1. and 2. Business and Properties

Certain terms are defined in the “Glossary of Terms” beginning on page ii. References to “Notes” relate to the Notes to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Financial Statements”) in Item 8.

Description of Operations

Gulf Island Fabrication, Inc. (together with its subsidiaries, “Gulf Island,” “the Company,” “we,” “us” and “our”) is a leading fabricator of complex steel structures and modules and provider of specialty services, including project management, hookup, commissioning, repair, maintenance, scaffolding, coatings, civil construction and staffing services to the industrial and energy sectors. Our customers include U.S. and, to a lesser extent, international energy producers; refining, petrochemical, LNG, industrial and power operators; and EPC companies. Our corporate headquarters is located in Houston, Texas and our primary operating facilities are located in Houma, Louisiana. See “Overview” section in Item 7 for discussion of our current business and outlook.

We currently operate and manage our business through two operating divisions (“Fabrication & Services” and “Shipyard”) and one non-operating division (“Corporate”), which are discussed below:

Fabrication & Services Division Our Fabrication & Services (“F&S”) Division fabricates modules, skids and piping systems for onshore refining, petrochemical, LNG and industrial facilities and offshore facilities; fabricates foundations, secondary steel components and support structures for alternative energy developments and coastal mooring facilities; fabricates offshore production platforms and associated structures, including jacket foundations, piles and topsides for fixed production and utility platforms, as well as hulls and topsides for floating production and utility platforms; fabricates other complex steel structures and components; provides services on offshore platforms, including maintenance, repair, construction, and other services required to connect production equipment and service modules and equipment; provides on-site construction and maintenance services on inland platforms and structures and industrial facilities; provides project management and commissioning services; and performs municipal and drainage projects, including pump stations, levee reinforcement, bulkheads and other public works. On December 1, 2021, we acquired (“DSS Acquisition”) the services and industrial staffing businesses (“DSS Business”) of Dynamic Industries, Inc. (“Dynamic”), which expanded our F&S Division’s customer base and enhanced our services offerings to include scaffolding, coatings, industrial staffing and other specialty services. Our F&S Division fabrication activities are performed at our F&S Facility and our services activities are managed from our various F&S Facilities and generally performed at customer onshore locations and offshore platforms. See Note 4 for further discussion of the DSS Acquisition.

Shipyard Division Our Shipyard Division previously fabricated newbuild marine vessels and provided marine repair and maintenance services. The activities were performed at our Shipyard Facility. However, on April 19, 2021, we sold our Shipyard Division operating assets and certain construction contracts (“Shipyard Transaction”), which included the Divested Shipyard Contracts and our Shipyard Facility. We determined the assets, liabilities and operations associated with the Shipyard Transaction and certain previously closed facilities to be discontinued operations. The assets, liabilities and operating results attributable to the Retained Shipyard Contracts, and remaining assets and liabilities of our Shipyard Division operations that were excluded from the Shipyard Transaction and are not associated with the previously closed facilities, represent our Shipyard operating segment and are classified as continuing operations on our Balance Sheet and Statement of Operations. The Active Retained Shipyard Contracts are being completed at our F&S Facility, and we intend to wind down our Shipyard Division operations by the third quarter 2022. Unless otherwise noted, the discussion and amounts presented below relate to our continuing operations. See Note 3 for further discussion of the Shipyard Transaction and our discontinued operations.

Corporate Division Our Corporate Division includes costs that do not directly relate to our two operating divisions. Such costs include, but are not limited to, costs of maintaining our corporate office, executive management salaries and incentives, board of directors’ fees, certain insurance costs and costs associated with overall corporate governance and being a publicly traded company. Costs incurred by our Corporate Division on behalf of our operating divisions are allocated to the operating divisions. Such costs include, but are not limited to, human resources, insurance, information technology and accounting.


2


 

 

Facilities and Equipment

F&S Facility Our F&S Division’s fabrication and primary operating facilities are located in Houma, Louisiana (“F&S Facility”), on approximately 226 acres on the east bank of the Houma Navigation Canal and on a slip adjacent to the Houma Navigation Canal, approximately 30 miles from the Gulf of Mexico. The facility includes over 65,000 square feet of administrative and operations facilities, over 330,000 square feet of covered fabrication facilities, over 105,000 square feet of warehouse facilities, and almost 30,000 square feet of blasting and coating facilities. It also has 5,970 linear feet of water frontage, including 2,535 feet of steel bulkheads. Buildings and equipment that are significant to our F&S Facility include:

 

Large assembly buildings equipped with overhead cranes for modular section fabrication and various equipment for pipe fitting and welding;

 

Prefabrication shops equipped with overhead cranes, cutting tables, coping machines, sub-arc welding stations, hydraulic iron workers, and various other equipment for fabricating steel structures and components;

 

Plate bending, rolling and assembly shop with the capability to roll steel and automatic weld process seams into tubular pipe sections;

 

Alloy and carbon steel pipe fabrication and spooling shops equipped with overhead cranes, pipe benders, pipe cutters, pipe spooling and welding stations, and various equipment for pipe fitting and welding;

 

Blast and coating shops that enable under roof blast and paint services;

 

Large warehouse buildings for storage;

 

Crawler cranes and rubber-tired hydraulic modular transporters;

 

Deck barge for transporting equipment and fabricated products;

 

Truckable tug and spud barges with cranage for marine construction activities; and

 

Various civil construction equipment.

We have a Mortgage Agreement associated with real estate of the F&S Facility that secures our obligations with one of our Sureties related to outstanding bonds with the Surety. See Note 7 and “Liquidity and Capital Resources” in Item 7 for further discussion of our Mortgage Agreement.

Acquired Facilities – In connection with the DSS Acquisition, we purchased and entered into leases for certain facilities, including the following facilities:

 

Ingleside Facility – We purchased an operating facility located in Ingleside, Texas (“Ingleside Facility”), on approximately 4 acres and consisting of 10,000 square feet of administrative and warehouse facilities.

 

Harvey Facility – We entered into a lease arrangement with Dynamic for a fabrication and operating facility located in Harvey, Louisiana (“Harvey Facility”), on approximately 16 acres and consisting of over 45,000 square feet of administrative, operations, fabrication and warehouse facilities and 1,515 linear feet of water frontage, including 315 feet of steel bulkheads. The lease expires on June 30, 2022, and is subject to a separate purchase option that enables us to buy the Harvey Facility prior to December 2, 2022 for a nominal amount (“Harvey Option”). See Note 4 for further discussion of the Harvey Option.

 

Other Facilities – We entered into sub-lease arrangements with Dynamic for an administrative facility and two separate operating facilities located near Lafayette, Louisiana. The lease for the administrative facility expires on March 31, 2022, and the leases for the two operating facilities expire on June 30, 2022.

Closed and Disposed Facilities – In the fourth quarter 2020, we closed our leased Jennings Facility and Lake Charles Facility, and in the second quarter 2021, we sold our Shipyard Facility as further described above.

Materials and Supplies

The principal materials and supplies used in our operations across all our divisions include standard steel shapes, steel plate, steel pipe, welding gases, welding wire, fuel, oil and paint, all of which are currently available from many sources. We do not depend upon any single supplier or source for our materials and supplies. We anticipate being able to obtain these materials for the foreseeable future; however, the pricing, availability and schedules offered by our suppliers may vary significantly from year to year due to various factors, including supplier consolidations, supplier raw material shortages, costs and surcharges, supplier capacity, customer demand, market conditions, and any duties and tariffs imposed on the materials or other import restrictions.

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The majority of the steel plate used in our operations arrives at our facilities in bulk, which is then cut and rolled into the form needed or into tubular sections at our rolling mill. Tubular sections can be welded together in long straight tubes to become legs or into shorter tubes to become part of a network of bracing. Various cuts and welds in the fabrication process are performed by computer-controlled equipment. We procure steel from both domestic and foreign mills. Delivery from domestic steel mills can take weeks or months for as-rolled steel and longer for heat treated steel. Delivery from foreign steel mills, including transit time, can take several months. Additionally, the U.S. sometimes imposes tariffs on certain imported steel which can result in higher cost for foreign steel. To mitigate the risk of increasing cost of materials during the life of a contract, we often negotiate escalation clauses in our customer contracts for steel pricing adjustments tied to changes in relevant indexes.

In addition to the materials and supplies described above used in our fabrication process, we also use third-party manufacturers for engineered and manufactured equipment added to the structures, modules and vessels that we fabricate. Such manufactured equipment includes, but is not limited to valves, fittings, propulsion systems such as engines, cranes, pumps, electrical and communications systems and other technologically advanced equipment. To mitigate our risk of increasing costs, we often negotiate and purchase such equipment from the manufacturer at a fixed price. Additionally, we may use subcontractors when their use enables us to meet customer requirements for resources, schedule, cost or technical expertise. Subcontractors may range from small local entities to companies with global capabilities, some of which may be utilized on a repetitive or preferred basis.

The pricing of materials and supplies and the ability of our suppliers and subcontractors to meet delivery schedules have been impacted by the ongoing global coronavirus pandemic (“COVID-19”) and may continue to be impacted by COVID-19 in the future and may now be impacted by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022. See “Risk Factors” in Item 1A for further discussion of our use of raw materials and supplies and the impact of COVID-19 on our operations.

Human Capital Management

Our employees are our most important assets and serve as the foundation for our ability to achieve our financial and strategic objectives.

Employee Statistics Our workforce varies based on our level of activity at any particular time. At December 31, 2021 and 2020, we had 960 and 545 full-time employees (associated with our continuing operations), respectively, and no part-time employees. The increase in headcount was primarily due to the addition of approximately 475 employees through the DSS Acquisition. In addition, we use independent contractors as necessary to supplement our workforce. None of our employees are employed pursuant to a collective bargaining agreement and we believe our relationship with our employees is favorable. Labor hours worked during 2021 and 2020 were 1.0 million and 1.1 million, respectively.

Recruitment, Training and Workforce Development Our success depends on our ability to attract, develop, motivate and retain a highly-skilled workforce that includes craft labor as well as supervision and project management. To support the development of our workforce, we offer supervision and other training programs to educate and elevate the skillsets of our front-line leaders. We also provide internal hands-on technical fitting and welding training programs and instruction to further develop our craft labor and maintain high standards of quality. We have also created a succession plan for all senior leadership positions. During 2021, we were awarded an Incumbent Worker Training Program training grant through the Louisiana Workforce Commission. This program provides supplemental funding for safety and environmental third-party training for craft personnel and leadership and soft technical skills training. The grant enabled us to successfully train approximately 285 employees during 2021 in such programs.

Employee Engagement During 2021, we conducted our second annual employee satisfaction survey to gather information from our employees regarding their perspectives on working for the Company and suggestions for improvements. We gathered valuable insights and feedback that enabled us to implement positive changes within our organization. For example, the feedback indicated a 20% year-over-year improvement in employee perception of our team working environment. The feedback also indicated a desire for increased supervisor skills training and continued enhancement of our employee benefits. Such feedback was incorporated into our training programs for 2021 and our employee benefit program offerings for 2022. We presented key findings from the survey to our Board of Directors and leadership teams.

Employee Benefits – Our compensation programs are designed to attract, motivate and retain our employees to achieve our objectives. We provide competitive base wages and salaries that are consistent with employee positions, skills and experience levels, and geographic locations. Employees are eligible to receive paid and unpaid leave and participate in our health insurance and life, disability and accident insurance programs. We also offer retirement benefits through our 401(k) plan, which includes discretionary Company-matching contributions. During 2021, we conducted our second annual employee benefits survey to gain a deeper understanding of how our various benefit programs are valued by our employees. The feedback indicated a desire for additional medical plan options, a mobile app for benefit information and annual open enrollment, and a bio-metric screenings program. As a result, we included a new high-deductible health plan option and health savings account option in our benefit program offerings for 2022, along with an identity theft benefit offering, and launched a mobile app that was used to conduct our employee benefits open enrollment for 2022.

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Diversity and Inclusion Our commitment to diversity extends across every division and discipline of our business. We leverage multiple social media platforms, including veteran, diversity and industry sites to expand our reach for diverse talent. We plan to continue evaluating our use of human capital measures or objectives in managing our business, such as the factors we employ, or seek to employ, in the attraction, development and retention of personnel and the maintenance of diversity in our workforce. During 2021, we launched a supervisor program that provided additional education to our leaders on respect in the workplace and included an emphasis on the prevention of sexual harassment.

See “Risk Factors” in Item 1A for further discussion of our ability to attract and retain qualified employees.

Safety

We are committed to the safety and health of our employees and subcontractors and believe that a strong safety culture is a critical element of our success. We continue to improve and maintain a stringent safety assurance program designed to ensure the safety of our employees and subcontractors and allow us to remain in compliance with all applicable federal and state mandated safety regulations. We are committed to maintaining a well-trained workforce and providing timely instruction to ensure our employees have the knowledge and skills to perform their work safely while maintaining the highest standards of quality. We provide continuous safety education and training to employees and subcontractors on a variety of topics to ensure they are ready for the challenges inherent in all our projects. Our employees commence training on their first day of employment with a comprehensive orientation class that addresses Company policies and procedures and provides clear expectations for working safely. We have a zero-tolerance policy for drugs and alcohol use in the workplace. We support this policy through the application of a comprehensive drug and alcohol screening program that includes initial screenings for all employees during our hiring process and periodic random screenings throughout employment. Additionally, we require our subcontractors to follow alcohol and drug screening policies substantially the same as ours. During 2021, we completed supervisor safety workshops that were delivered to leadership, including our front-line supervisors. The focus of these workshops was to drive a strong safety culture and emphasize the supervisor’s role in safety mentoring. We successfully trained approximately 90% of our front-line supervision during 2021.

Our employees are given opportunities to be a part of a dedicated safety committee which is comprised of peer-elected craft employees and members of management to assist in supporting our efforts to continuously improve safety performance. A safety component is also included in our annual incentive program guidelines for our executive officers and other key employees. See “Risk Factors” in Item 1A for further discussion of our safety.

We have taken proactive actions to mitigate the ongoing impacts of COVID-19 on our operations, while ensuring the safety and well-being of our workforce. A majority of our workforce performs its work outdoors. We have established protocols to monitor employee and visitor temperatures prior to their entry into our facilities, implemented employee and visitor wellness questionnaires, maintain appropriate workplace distancing (including allowing some employees to work remotely) and perform regular monitoring of office and yard personnel for compliance. We have also installed hand sanitizing stations and more frequently sanitize our facilities. We continue to monitor employee absenteeism and the reason for such absences and have protocols for handling employees who test positive for COVID-19 or have come in contact with individuals that tested positive for COVID-19. In addition, we have established protocols for employees to return to work that test positive for COVID-19, including requiring a negative COVID-19 antigen test prior to returning to work. See “Risk Factors” in Item 1A for further discussion of the impact of COVID-19 on our operations.

Environmental

 

Our commitment to protecting the environment has never been more important than today. We continuously look for ways to reduce our environmental impact, including a focus on protecting the land, water, and wildlife habitats in our surrounding communities, with an emphasis on spill prevention, water and waste management, air emissions and other natural resource conservation. We are further focused on energy efficiency and reducing our carbon footprint within our daily operations. During 2021, we implemented a program to replace our facility lighting with LED bulbs, which reduced our energy consumption and improved our workplace conditions by providing better and more efficient lighting for our employees.

 

We are also focused on managing and monitoring our air emissions related to all facets of our painting and blasting operations to ensure compliance with our Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality operating air permits. We monitor and report criteria pollutants and toxic air pollutants, which includes daily tracking of our paint, thinner and cleaning solvents usage. We have also implemented abrasive blasting management best practices to reduce particulate matter emissions and reduce offsite impacts to surrounding communities from our abrasive blasting activities. This includes routine inspections, record keeping and personnel training.

 

During 2021, we certified our environmental management system to ISO 14001:2015, which represents internationally recognized standards for environmental management overseen by the International Standard Organization (“ISO”) based in Geneva, Switzerland. Achieving this certification helps our management and employees ensure we are measuring and improving our environmental impact by improving the efficiency of our resources, consistently addressing environmental obligations and reducing waste and environmental risks. The certification will help us maintain our commitment to protecting the environment as a leader in the fabrication industry.

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Quality Assurance

We use modern welding and fabrication technology, and all of our fabrication projects are executed in accordance with industry standards, specifications and regulations, including those published by the American Petroleum Institute, the American Welding Society, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, the American Bureau of Shipping, the U.S. Coast Guard and customer specifications. We maintain training programs for technical fitting and welding instruction in order to prepare and upgrade our skilled labor workforce, and to maintain high standards of quality. In addition, we maintain on-site facilities for the non-destructive testing of all welds, a process performed by an independent contractor.

Our quality management systems are certified as ISO 9001-2015 programs, which represents an internationally recognized verification system for quality management. The certification is based on a review of our programs and procedures designed to maintain and enhance quality production and is subject to annual review and full recertification every three years. Our last full recertification occurred in April 2021.

Customers

Our principal customers include U.S. and, to a lesser extent, international energy producers; refining, petrochemical, LNG, industrial and power operators; and EPC companies. A large portion of our revenue in any given year may be generated by only a few customers, although not necessarily the same customers from year to year. For 2021, two customers accounted for 54% of our consolidated revenue, which related to offshore services for a customer within our Fabrication & Services Division and our seventy-vehicle ferry project within our Shipyard Division. For 2020, three customers accounted for 51% of our consolidated revenue, which related to offshore services and our jacket and deck project for two customers within our Fabrication & Services Division and our seventy-vehicle ferry project within our Shipyard Division.

Contracting

Our revenue is derived from customer contracts and agreements that are awarded on a competitively bid and negotiated basis using a range of contracting options, including fixed-price, unit-rate and T&M. Our contracts primarily relate to the fabrication of steel structures and modules, and certain service arrangements. Such contracts vary in duration depending on the size and complexity of the project.

Revenue for our fixed-price and unit-rate contracts is recognized using the percentage-of-completion method, based on contract costs incurred to date compared to total estimated contract costs. Contract costs include direct costs, such as materials and labor, and indirect costs attributable to contract activity. Material costs that are significant to a contract and do not reflect an accurate measure of project completion are excluded from the determination of our contract progress. Revenue for such materials is only recognized to the extent of costs incurred.

Revenue for our T&M contracts is recognized at contracted rates when the work is performed, the costs are incurred and collection is reasonably assured. Our T&M contracts provide for labor and materials to be billed at rates specified within the contract. The consideration from the customer directly corresponds to the value of our performance completed at the time of invoicing.

New Awards and Backlog

New project awards represent expected revenue values of commitments received during a given period, including scope growth on existing commitments. A commitment represents authorization from our customer to begin work or purchase materials pursuant to a written agreement, letter of intent or other form of authorization. Backlog represents the unrecognized revenue for our new project awards and at December 31, 2021, was consistent with the value of remaining performance obligations for our contracts required to be disclosed under Topic 606 and presented in Note 2. In general, a performance obligation is a contractual obligation to construct and/or transfer a distinct good or service to a customer. The transaction price of a contract is allocated to each distinct performance obligation and recognized as revenue when, or as, the performance obligation is satisfied. We believe that backlog, a non-GAAP financial measure, provides useful information to investors as it represents work that we are obligated to perform under our current contracts. New project awards and backlog may vary significantly each reporting period based on the timing of our major new contract commitments.

Projects in our backlog are generally subject to delay, suspension, termination, or an increase or reduction in scope at the option of the customer; however, the customer is required to pay us for work performed and materials purchased through the date of termination, suspension, or decrease in scope. Depending on the size of the project, the delay, suspension, termination or increase or decrease in scope of any one contract could significantly impact our backlog and change the expected amount and timing of revenue recognized.

Certain of our customers previously requested to renegotiate pricing and suspended contracts in our backlog, and bidding activities for several new project opportunities have been delayed or suspended, as a result of COVID-19 as discussed above.

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See “Risk Factors” in Item 1A, “Critical Accounting Policies” in Item 7, and Note 1 and Note 2 for further discussion of our contracting and revenue recognition. See also “Risk Factors” in Item 1A and “Overview” in Item 7 for further discussion of the impacts of COVID-19 on our customers and operations.

At December 31, 2021, our backlog was $17.1 million, none of which is anticipated to be recognized as revenue beyond 2022. See “New Awards and Backlog” in Item 7 for further discussion of our new awards and backlog.

Seasonality

Our operations may be subject to seasonal variations due to weather conditions, including any seasonal weather conditions that may increasingly arise due to the effects of climate change, and available daylight hours. Although we have large, covered fabrication facilities, a significant amount of our construction activities take place outdoors, and accordingly, the number of labor hours worked may decline during the winter months due to unfavorable weather conditions and a decrease in daylight hours. In addition, the seasonality of oil and gas industry activity in the Gulf Coast region may also affect our operations. Our offshore oil and gas customers often schedule the completion of their projects during the summer months in order to take advantage of more favorable weather during such months. Further, rainy weather, tropical storms, hurricanes and other storms prevalent in the GOM may also affect our operations. See “Risk Factors” in Item 1A for further discussion of the seasonal impacts to our operations.

Competition

We operate within highly competitive markets which are significantly impacted by oil and gas prices. Declines in oil and gas prices can create excess capacity and under-utilization of our competitor's facilities, resulting in more intense competition in the bidding process for new project awards. In addition, we expect to face increased competition as we seek fabrication opportunities related to rapidly growing energy transition initiatives, including in support of our customers who are making energy transitions away from fossil fuels, opportunities related to offshore wind developments and potential future onshore support structures to provide electricity from renewable and green sources. Further, there are numerous regional, national and global competitors that offer similar services to those offered by each of our operating divisions. These competitors may be larger than us with more resources and facilities in both the U.S. and abroad. Competition with foreign competitors can also be challenging as such competitors often have lower operating costs and lower wage rates, and foreign governments often use subsidies and incentives to create local jobs and impose import duties and fees on products. In addition, technological innovations have lowered transportation costs and increased the competitiveness of foreign competitors when exporting structures from foreign locations to the GOM and Gulf Coast, which may hinder our ability to successfully secure new awards for projects destined for the GOM and Gulf Coast. Uncertainties with respect to tariffs on materials and fluctuations in the value of the U.S. dollar and other factors, may also impact our ability to compete effectively.

Although we believe price and the contractor’s ability to meet a customer’s delivery schedule and project requirements are principal factors in determining which contractor is awarded a project, customers also consider, among other things, a contractor’s past project experience, the availability of technically capable personnel, facility capacity and location, production efficiency, condition of equipment, reputation, safety record, customer relations and financial strength. We believe that our strategic location, competitive pricing, expertise in fabricating and servicing onshore and offshore structures and facilities, and the certification of our facilities as ISO 9001-2015 will enable us to continue to compete effectively for projects. See “Risk Factors” in Item 1A for further discussion of our competitive landscape.

Government and Environmental Regulation

Our operations and properties are subject to a wide variety of increasingly complex and stringent foreign, federal, state and local environmental laws and other regulations, including those governing discharges into the air and water, the handling and disposal of solid and hazardous wastes, and the remediation of soil and groundwater contaminated by hazardous substances. Compliance with many of these laws is becoming increasingly complex, stringent and expensive. These laws may impose “strict liability” for damages to natural resources and threats to public health and safety, rendering a party liable for the environmental damage without regard to negligence or fault on the part of such party.

Our operations are also governed by laws and regulations relating to the health and safety of our employees, primarily the Occupational Safety and Health Act and regulations promulgated thereunder. Various governmental and quasi-governmental agencies require certain permits, licenses and certificates with respect to our operations. We believe that we have all material permits, licenses and certificates necessary for the conduct of our existing business.


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Our employees may engage in certain activities, including interconnect piping and other service activities conducted on offshore platforms, activities performed on spud barges owned or chartered by us, and barges owned by us, that are covered in either the provisions of the Jones Act or U.S. Longshoreman and Harbor Workers Act (“USL&H”). These laws make the liability limits established under state workers’ compensation laws inapplicable to these employees and permit them or their representatives to pursue actions against us for damages or job-related injuries, with generally no limitations on our potential liability.

Many aspects of our operations and properties are materially affected by federal, state and local regulations, as well as certain international conventions and private industry organizations. The exploration and development of oil and gas properties located on the outer continental shelf of the U.S. is regulated primarily by the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management and Enforcement of the Department of Interior, which is responsible for the administration of federal regulations under the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act requiring the construction of offshore platforms located on the outer continental shelf to meet stringent engineering and construction specifications. Violations of these regulations and related laws can result in substantial civil and criminal penalties as well as injunctions curtailing operations. We believe that our operations are in compliance with these and all other regulations affecting the fabrication of platforms for delivery to the outer continental shelf of the U.S. In addition, demand for our services from the oil and gas industry can be affected by changes in taxes, price controls and other laws and regulations affecting this industry. It is also possible that the current administration and Congress will impose additional environmental regulations that will restrict federal oil and gas leasing, permitting or drilling practices on public lands and waters. For example, in the fourth quarter 2021, the current administration proposed reforms to the country’s oil and gas leasing program, which would raise costs for energy companies to drill on public lands and waters, and President Biden previously issued orders temporarily suspending leasing or permitting of oil and gas activities on federal lands and waters. The current administration has also proposed a moratorium on hydraulic fracturing on federal lands and waters. Offshore construction and drilling in certain areas has also been opposed by environmental groups and, in certain areas, has been restricted. To the extent laws are enacted or other governmental actions are taken that prohibit or restrict offshore construction and drilling or impose environmental protection requirements that result in increased costs to the oil and gas industry in general and the offshore construction industry in particular, our business and prospects could be adversely affected. We cannot determine to what extent future operations and earnings may be affected by new legislation, new regulations or changes in existing regulations.

In addition, we could be affected by future laws or regulations, including those imposed in response to concerns over climate change, other aspects of the environment, or natural resources. For example, because of concerns that carbon dioxide, methane and certain other greenhouse gases may produce climate changes that have significant impacts on public health and the environment, various governmental authorities have considered and are continuing to consider the adoption of regulatory strategies and controls designed to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases resulting from regulated activities, which if adopted in areas where we conduct business, could require us or our customers to incur additional compliance costs, may result in delays in the pursuit of regulated activities, prevent customers’ projects from going forward and could adversely affect demand for the oil and natural gas that some of our customers produce, thereby potentially limiting demand for our services.

The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980, as amended and similar laws provide for responses to and liability for releases of hazardous substances into the environment. Additionally, the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, the Safe Drinking Water Act, the Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act, each as amended, and similar foreign, state or local counterparts to these federal laws, regulate air emissions, water discharges, hazardous substances and wastes, and require public disclosure related to the use of various hazardous substances. Compliance with such environmental laws and regulations may require the acquisition of permits or other authorizations for certain activities and compliance with various standards or procedural requirements. We believe that our facilities are in substantial compliance with current regulatory standards.

In addition, our operations are subject to extensive government regulation by the U.S. Coast Guard, as well as various private industry organizations such as the American Petroleum Institute, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, American Welding Society and the American Bureau of Shipping.

Further, our operations have been impacted by national, state and local authorities recommending or mandating COVID-19 physical distancing and/or quarantine and isolation measures on large portions of the population, including mandatory business closures in the areas in which we operate.

Our compliance with these laws and regulations has entailed certain additional expenses and changes in operating procedures; however, we believe that compliance efforts have not resulted in a material adverse effect on our business or financial condition. However, future events, such as changes in existing laws and regulations or their interpretation, more vigorous enforcement policies of regulatory agencies, or stricter or different interpretations of existing laws and regulations, may require additional expenditures by us. See “Risk Factors” in Item 1A for further discussion of government and environmental regulations impacting our business.


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Insurance

We maintain insurance for property damage caused by fire, flood, explosion and similar catastrophic events that may result in physical damage or destruction to our facilities. All policies are subject to deductibles and other coverage limitations. We also maintain builder’s risk, general liability and maritime employer’s liability insurance, which are also subject to deductibles and coverage limitations. We are further self-insured for workers’ compensation and USL&H claims through our use of deductibles and self-insured retentions up to per occurrence threshold amounts. See “Risk Factors” in Item 1A for further discussion of our insurance.

Available Information

We make available our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports, free of charge through our Internet website at www.gulfisland.com as soon as reasonably practicable after such materials are electronically filed with or furnished to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). The SEC also maintains an Internet website at www.sec.gov that contains periodic reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC. Our website and the information contained therein or connected thereto are not intended to be incorporated into this Report.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

The following discussion of risk factors contains forward-looking statements (see “Cautionary Statement on Forward-Looking Information”). These risk factors are important to understanding other statements in this Report. The following information should be read in conjunction with Item 7 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and Item 8 “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” found elsewhere in this Report, which may include additional factors that could adversely affect our business. References to “Notes” relate to the Notes to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Financial Statements”) in Item 8.

Our business, prospects, financial condition, operating results, cash flows and stock price may be affected materially and adversely, in whole or in part, by a number of factors, whether currently known or unknown, including but not limited to those described below, any one or more of which could, directly or indirectly, cause our actual financial condition, operating results and cash flows to vary materially from historical results or those anticipated, projected or assumed in our forward-looking statements. Further, new risks emerge from time to time. In addition, our business, prospects, financial condition, operating results, cash flows and stock price could be affected by additional factors that apply to all companies generally which are not specifically mentioned below.

Business and Industry Risks

The ongoing global pandemic caused by COVID-19, including new and emerging strains and variants, and any future major public health crisis, including any pandemic, epidemic or other disease outbreak, and any resulting negative impact on the global economy and financial markets could have a negative impact on our operations, the duration and extent of which is highly uncertain and could be material.

The extent and duration of adverse impacts that the COVID-19 pandemic (including new and emerging strains and variants) may have on our backlog and bidding activities, on our suppliers, subcontractors, customers and employees and on global financial markets, including global oil markets, is unknown, but could be both material and prolonged. Similarly, any future major public health crisis, including any pandemic, epidemic or other disease outbreak could have a material adverse effect on our operations. In addition, for several years, the price of oil experienced significant volatility, which resulted in reductions in capital spending and drilling activities from our traditional offshore oil and gas customer base. Consequently, our operating results and cash flows were negatively impacted from reductions in revenue, lower margins due to competitive pricing, under-utilization of our operating facilities and resources, and losses on certain projects. COVID-19 added another layer of pressure and uncertainty on oil prices and our end markets, which further impacted our operations during 2021 and 2020 and could impact our operations going forward. In addition, our operations (as well as the operations of our customers, subcontractors and other counterparties) were negatively impacted by the physical distancing, quarantine and isolation measures recommended by national, state and local authorities on large portions of the population, and mandatory business closures that were enacted in an attempt to control the spread of COVID-19, and which could be reenacted in response to new and emerging strains and variants of COVID-19 or any future major public health crisis.

The ultimate business and financial impacts of oil price volatility and COVID-19 on our business and results of operations continues to be uncertain, but the impacts have included, or may include, among other things, reduced bidding activity, suspension or termination of backlog, deterioration of customer financial condition, potential supply interruptions, and unanticipated project costs due to project disruptions and schedule delays; material price increases; lower labor productivity, increased employee and contractor absenteeism and turnover, including in connection with any government or customer-imposed COVID-19 vaccination or testing requirements, and craft labor hiring challenges; lack of performance by subcontractors and suppliers; and contract disputes. These and other impacts of COVID-19, or any future major public health crisis or events, including the impact of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, could have a material adverse impact our business, results of operations and financial condition.

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Our revenue and profitability may be impacted by the cyclical nature of the oil and gas industry and other energy-related industries.

Our business is significantly dependent on the level of capital expenditures by oil and gas producers, processors and their contractors, as well as alternative energy companies, operating in the GOM and along the Gulf Coast. The level of activity by these companies can be impacted by volatility in oil and gas and associated commodity prices. In addition to commodity prices, the levels of our customers’ capital expenditures are influenced by, among other things:

 

the cost of exploring for, producing and delivering oil and gas;

 

the ability of oil and gas companies to generate capital;

 

the sale and expiration dates of offshore leases in the U.S. and overseas;

 

the discovery rate, size and location of new oil and gas reserves;

 

demand for energy, including hydrocarbon production, which is affected by worldwide economic activity and population growth;

 

the ability of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (“OPEC”) to set and maintain production levels for oil and the level of production by non-OPEC countries;

 

local, federal and international military, political and economic events and conditions, including regulatory changes under the current administration and Congress, economic uncertainty, socio-political unrest, any government shutdown and instability or hostilities and the current situation in Ukraine and trade and monetary sanctions in response to such developments;

 

demand for, availability of and technological viability of, alternative sources of energy (especially in light of regulatory changes under the current administration and Congress);

 

technological advances affecting energy exploration, production, transportation and consumption; and

 

uncertainty regarding the U.S. energy policy under the current administration and Congress, particularly any revision, reinterpretation or creation of environmental and tax laws and regulations that would negatively impact or restrict the oil and gas industry.

The above factors have suppressed capital spending by offshore oil and gas companies in recent years. Capital spending within the oil and gas industry has also been impacted by certain geopolitical developments in addition to COVID-19. Further, previous reductions in, and ongoing volatility of, oil and gas prices has impacted the timing of, and our ability to secure, new project awards. While industry conditions are improving, if they do not continue to improve, these challenges may continue to impact our ability to operate our fabrication facilities at desired utilization levels and may result in ongoing low utilization levels, decreased revenue, lower margins, and losses in future periods. In addition, we believe that the previous downturn in the oil and gas industry has also adversely impacted many of our customers' businesses.

We are unable to predict future oil and gas prices or the level of oil and gas industry activity for the products and services we provide. Further, the current increase in oil and gas prices may not necessarily translate into immediate or long-term increased activity, and even during periods of relatively high oil prices, our customers may cancel or curtail programs, or reduce their levels of capital expenditures for exploration and production and repair and maintenance of their offshore assets. Advances in onshore exploration and development technologies, particularly with respect to large, onshore shale production areas, could result in our historical customers allocating a higher percentage of their capital expenditure budgets to onshore exploration and production activities and we may not be successful securing new project awards related to these onshore activities. In addition, the current increase in gas prices could also negatively impact future investments in petrochemical and other facilities that benefit from lower gas prices. These factors could cause our revenue and margins to remain depressed and limit our future growth opportunities. See “Overview” in Item 7 for further discussion of the impacts of reductions and volatility in crude oil prices.

We operate in an industry that is highly competitive.

The onshore refining, petrochemical, LNG and industrial fabrication industries and the offshore oil and gas fabrication and services industry are highly competitive and influenced by events largely outside of our control. In addition, as we seek fabrication opportunities related to rapidly growing energy transition initiatives, including in support of our customers who are making energy transitions away from fossil fuels, opportunities related to offshore wind developments and potential future onshore support structures to provide electricity from renewable and green sources, we expect to face increased competition. Contracts for our services are often awarded on a competitively bid basis, and our customers consider many factors when awarding a project. These factors include price, ability to meet the customer’s schedule, the availability and capacity of personnel, equipment and facilities, and the reputation, experience, and safety record of the contractor. We can provide no assurances that we will be able to maintain our current competitive position or that we will be able to successfully compete against other fabrication companies in the highly competitive green energy transition. In addition, we often compete with companies that have greater resources, which may make them more competitive for certain projects.


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Competition with foreign competitors can also be challenging as such competitors often have lower operating costs and lower wage rates, and foreign governments often use subsidies and incentives to create local jobs and impose import duties and fees on products. In addition, technological innovations have lowered transportation costs, increasing the competitiveness of foreign competitors when exporting structures from foreign locations to the GOM and Gulf Coast, which may hinder our ability to successfully secure new awards for projects destined for the GOM and Gulf Coast from foreign locations. See “Competition” within Item 1 for further discussion of the competitive nature of our industry.

A small number of customers may represent a significant portion of our revenue.

We derive a significant amount of our revenue from a small number of customers, including U.S. and, to a lesser extent, international energy producers; refining, petrochemical, LNG, industrial and power operators; and EPC companies. Because the level of services that we may provide to any customer depends on, among other things, the amount of that customer’s capital expenditure budget and our ability to meet the customer’s delivery schedule, customers that account for a significant portion of our revenue in one year may represent an immaterial portion of revenue in subsequent years. We define significant customers as those that individually comprise 10% or more of our consolidated revenue. For 2021 and 2020, two and three customers, respectively, accounted for 54% and 51%, respectively, of our consolidated revenue. The loss of a significant customer in any given year for any reason, including a sustained decline in that customer’s capital expenditure budget or competitive factors, could result in a substantial loss of revenue. See “Customers” in Item 1 for further discussion of our customers.

Competitive pricing common in the fabrication industry could negatively impact our operating results.

Even when industry conditions are favorable, we operate in a very competitive industry, and as a result, we are not always successful in fully recovering our project costs or realizing a profit. Additionally, during periods of increased market demand, a significant amount of new service capacity may enter the market, which also places pressure on the pricing of our services. Furthermore, during periods of declining pricing for our services, we may not be able to reduce our costs accordingly, which could further affect our profitability.

Our traditional customer base is facing significant challenges and a period of consolidation within their industry.

The oil and gas industry continues to face significant challenges due to the prolonged period of depressed and/or volatile oil and gas prices from 2014 to 2018 and ongoing volatility in oil and gas prices, which were exacerbated by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022. Accordingly, many companies are unable to compete and, in some cases, are unable to pay their liabilities as they become due. This has resulted in many companies within the oil and gas industry seeking bankruptcy protection or pursuing consolidation through mergers with, or acquisition by, other companies. During 2020, one of our customers filed for and emerged from Chapter 11 bankruptcy; however, our dispute with the customer relating to the construction of two MPSVs is ongoing. See Note 10 and “Legal Proceedings” in Item 3 for further discussion of the MPSV dispute.

The continued consolidation of the oil and gas industry (such as the consolidation of one or more of our primary customers, the acquisition of one or more of our primary customers by a company that is not a customer, a primary customer’s acquisition of another company that provides services similar to those provided by us or the liquidation of one or more of our primary customers) could result in a further reduction of capital spending and decrease in the demand for our products and services by our current customer base. We can provide no assurances that we will be able to maintain our level of revenue with a customer that has consolidated or replace lost revenue. We are unable to predict what effect consolidations in the offshore oil and gas industry may have on contract pricing, capital spending by our customers, our selling strategies, our competitive position, our ability to retain customers or our ability to negotiate favorable agreements with our customers.

Operational Risks

We depend on the award of new contracts and the timing of those awards.

It is difficult to predict whether or when we will be awarded a new contract due to complex bidding and selection processes, changes in existing or forecast market conditions, governmental regulations, permitting and environmental matters. Bidding activities for several new project opportunities have been delayed or suspended as a result of COVID-19 and volatile oil and gas prices, and may be exacerbated by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 and the U.S. and other countries actions in response, which, among other things, has caused further volatility in oil and gas prices. While we have seen an increase in bidding activities, we have not secured any large new project awards as a result of such activities, and we can provide no assurances that the higher level of bidding activity will continue during 2022 and beyond. In addition, political events within the U.S. have resulted in, and may continue to result in, the shutdown of government services, which could impact inspections, regulatory review and certifications, grants or approvals. Because our revenue is derived from new project awards, our results of operations and cash flows can fluctuate materially from period to period as contracts are typically awarded on a project-by-project basis.


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The timing of new project awards may reduce our short-term profitability as we balance our current capacity with expectations of future project awards. If an expected new project award is delayed or not received, we may incur costs to maintain an idle workforce and facilities, or alternatively, we may determine that our long-term interests are best served by reducing our workforce and incurring increased costs associated with termination benefits. A reduction in our workforce could also impact our results of operations if customers are hesitant to award new contracts based upon our staffing levels or if we are unable to adequately increase our labor force and staff projects that are awarded subsequent to workforce reductions. See the risk factor below titled “We may be unable to employ a sufficient number of skilled personnel to execute our projects.”

The nature of our contracting terms for our contracts could adversely affect our operating results.

A substantial number of our projects are performed on a fixed-price or unit-rate basis. Under fixed-price contracts, our contract price is fixed, and is generally only subject to adjustment for changes in scope by the customer. Accordingly, we retain cost savings realized on a project but are also responsible for cost overruns. Under unit rate contracts, material items or labor tasks are assigned unit rates of measure. The unit rates of measure will generally be a reimbursable value per ton, per foot or square foot or per item installed. A typical unit rate contract can contain hundreds to thousands of unit rates of measure. Profit margins are incorporated into the unit rates and, similar to a fixed-price contract, we retain cost savings realized on a project but are also responsible for cost overruns. In many cases, our fixed-price and unit rate contracts involve complex design and engineering, significant procurement of materials and equipment, and extensive project management. In addition, as projects increase or decrease in scope, the resulting changes in contract price or unit rates could be less than the actual costs incurred associated with such changes in scope. We employ our best efforts to properly estimate the cost to complete our projects; however, our actual costs incurred could materially exceed our estimates. The revenue, costs and profit realized on a contract will often vary from the estimated amounts on which such contract was originally estimated due to the following:

 

failure to properly estimate costs of engineering, materials, components, equipment, labor or subcontractors;

 

unanticipated changes in the costs of engineering, materials, components, equipment, labor or subcontractors;

 

failure to properly estimate the impact of engineering delays or errors on the construction of a project, including productivity, schedule and rework;

 

difficulties in engaging third-party subcontractors, equipment manufacturers or materials suppliers, or failures by third-party subcontractors, equipment manufacturers or materials suppliers to perform, resulting in project delays and additional costs;

 

late delivery of materials by our vendors or the inability of subcontractors to deliver contracted services on schedule or at the agreed upon price;

 

increased costs due to poor project execution or productivity and/or weather conditions;

 

unanticipated costs or claims, including costs for project modifications, delays, errors or changes in specifications or designs, regulatory changes or contract termination;

 

unrecoverable costs associated with customer changes in scope and schedule;

 

payment of liquidated damages due to a failure to meet contracted delivery dates;

 

changes in labor conditions, including the availability, wage and productivity of labor;

 

termination, temporary suspension or significant reduction in scope of our projects by our customers;

 

unanticipated technical problems with the structures, equipment or systems we supply;

 

under-utilization of our facilities and an idle labor force; and

 

changes in general economic conditions.

These variations and risks are inherent within our industry and may result in revenue and profit that differ from amounts originally estimated or result in losses on projects. Depending on the size of a project, variations from estimated contract performance can have a significant impact on our operating results. In addition, substantially all of our contracts require us to continue work in accordance with the contractually agreed schedule, and thus, continue to incur expenses for labor and materials, notwithstanding the occurrence of a disagreement with a customer over changes in scope, increased pricing and/or unresolved change orders or claims.


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Our backlog is subject to change as a result of delay, suspension, termination or an increase or decrease in scope for projects currently in backlog.

The revenue projected in our backlog may not be realized or, if realized, may not be profitable. Projects included in our backlog are generally subject to delay, suspension, termination, or an increase or decrease in scope at the option of the customer. Depending on the size of the project, the delay, suspension, termination, increase or decrease in scope of any project could significantly impact our backlog and change the expected amount and timing of revenue recognized. Further, for certain projects we may be at greater risk of delays (or further delays, as applicable), suspensions and cancellations in light of the ongoing global pandemic caused by COVID-19 and the current volatile oil and gas price environment, which has been exacerbated by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 and the U.S. and other countries actions in response. In addition, where a project proceeds as scheduled, it is possible that the customer may default by failing to pay amounts owed to us. Accordingly, our backlog as of any date is an uncertain indicator of future results of operations. See “New Project Awards and Backlog” in Item 7 for further discussion of our new project awards and backlog.

We may be unable to successfully defend against claims made against us by customers or subcontractors, or recover claims made by us against customers or subcontractors.

Our projects are generally complex, and we may encounter difficulties in design, engineering, schedule changes and other factors, some of which may be beyond our control, that affect our ability to complete projects in accordance with contracted delivery schedules or to otherwise meet contractual performance obligations. We may bring claims against customers for additional costs incurred by us resulting from customer-caused delays or changes in project scope initiated by our customers that are not part of the original contract scope. In addition, claims may be brought against us by customers relating to, among other things, alleged defective or incomplete work, breaches of warranty and/or late completion of work. We may also incur claims with our subcontractors that are similar to those described above. These claims may be subject to lengthy and/or expensive litigation or arbitration proceedings and may require us to invest significant working capital in projects to cover cost increases pending resolution of the claims. See Note 10 and “Legal Proceedings” in Item 3 for further discussion of our ongoing dispute with a customer related to the construction of two MPSVs.

The limits on our insurance coverage could expose us to potentially significant liability and costs.

The fabrication of structures and the services we provide involves operating hazards that can cause accidents resulting in personal injury or loss of life, severe damage to and destruction of property and equipment, and suspension of operations. In addition, due to the proximity to the GOM, our facilities are subject to the possibility of physical damage caused by hurricanes or flooding. For example, most recently Hurricane Ida damaged our buildings, equipment and vessels under construction and in our possession, at our facilities in Houma, Louisiana, which could result in material repair or replacement costs in excess of our deductible amounts. We may incur additional costs beyond such amounts if damages are determined to be in excess of insurance coverage amounts or if costs we believed to be covered by our insurance coverages are ultimately not covered. See the risk factor below titled “We are susceptible to adverse weather conditions in our market areas” for further discussion of the impacts of adverse weather conditions to our operations.

Further, our employees may engage in certain activities that are covered by the provisions of the Jones Act or USL&H, including services conducted on offshore platforms, services performed on barges owned or chartered by us, and construction activities associated with marine vessels that are performed at our facilities. These laws make the liability limits established under state workers’ compensation laws inapplicable to these employees and, instead, permit them or their representatives to pursue actions against us for damages or job-related injuries, with generally no limitations on our potential liability. Our ownership and operation of vessels and our fabrication and repair of customer vessels can also give rise to large and varied liability risks, such as risks of collisions with other vessels or structures, sinking, fires and other marine casualties, which can result in significant claims for damages against both us and third parties. Litigation arising from any such occurrences may result in our being named as a defendant in lawsuits asserting large claims.

We may be exposed to future losses through our use of deductibles and self-insured retentions for our exposures related to third party liability and workers' compensation. We expect liabilities in excess of any deductible to be covered by insurance. Although we believe that our insurance coverages are adequate, there can be no assurance that we will be able to maintain adequate insurance at rates we consider reasonable or that our insurance coverages will be adequate to cover claims that may arise. To the extent we are self-insured, reserves are recorded based upon our estimates, with input from legal and insurance advisors. Changes in assumptions, as well as changes in actual experience, could cause these estimates to change.

Changes in the insurance industry have generally led to higher insurance costs and decreased availability of coverage. The availability of insurance that covers risks we typically insure against may decrease, and the insurance that we are able to obtain may have higher deductibles, higher premiums and more restrictive policy terms.


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Systems and information technology interruption or failure and data security breaches could adversely impact our ability to operate or expose us to significant financial losses and reputational harm.

We rely heavily on computer information, communications technology and related systems in order to properly operate our business. From time to time, we experience occasional system interruptions and delays. In the event we are unable to deploy software and hardware, effectively upgrade our systems and network infrastructure, and take other steps to maintain or improve the efficiency and efficacy of our systems, the operation of such systems could be interrupted or result in the loss, corruption or release of data. In addition, our computer and communications systems and operations could be damaged or interrupted by natural disasters, force majeure events, telecommunications failures, power loss, acts of war or terrorism, physical or electronic security breaches, intentional or inadvertent user misuse or error, or similar events or disruptions. Any of these or other events could cause interruptions, delays, loss of critical and/or sensitive data or similar effects.

In addition, we face the threat to our computer systems of unauthorized access, computer hackers, computer viruses, malicious code, organized cyber-attacks and other security problems and system disruptions. Further, we may see an increase in efforts by individuals or groups of hackers and sophisticated organizations, such as state-sponsored organizations or nation-states, to launch coordinated attacks, such as retaliatory cyber-attacks stemming from Russia’s recent invasion of Ukraine. If we were to be subject to a cyber incident or attack, it could result in the disclosure of confidential or proprietary customer information, theft, loss, corruption or misappropriation of intellectual property, damage to our reputation with our customers and the market, failure to meet customer requirements or customer dissatisfaction, theft, exposure to litigation, damage to equipment and other financial costs and losses. We rely on industry accepted security measures and technology to securely maintain all confidential and proprietary information on our computer systems, but these systems are still vulnerable to these threats. In addition, as cybersecurity threats continue to evolve, we may be required to expend significant resources to protect against the threat of these system disruptions and security breaches or to alleviate problems caused by these disruptions and breaches.

We may conduct a portion of our operations through joint ventures and strategic alliances over which we may have limited control, and our partners in such arrangements may not perform.

 

We may conduct a portion of our operations through joint ventures and strategic alliances with business partners. In any such arrangement, differences in views among the participants may result in delayed decisions or in failures to reach agreement on certain matters, or to do so in a timely manner. In any joint venture or strategic alliance in which we hold a non-controlling interest, we may have limited control over many decisions relating to joint venture operations and internal controls relating to operations. We also cannot control the actions of our partners, including any non-performance, default, or bankruptcy of our partners, and we would likely share liability or have joint and/or several liability with our partners for joint venture matters.

 

Financial Risks

We are exposed to the credit risks of our customers, including nonpayment and nonperformance by our customers.

The concentration of our customers in the oil and gas industry may impact our overall exposure to credit risk as customers may be similarly affected by prolonged changes in economic and industry conditions. We believe certain of our customers finance their activities through cash flows from operations and debt or equity financing. Many of these customers are facing significant challenges due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and the current volatility in the oil and gas market, which has been exacerbated by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 and the U.S. and other countries actions in response, and have experienced decreased cash flows, reductions in borrowing capacity, the inability to access capital or credit markets, and reductions in liquidity, which may impact their ability to pay or otherwise perform on their obligations to us. Accordingly, our operations could be impacted due to nonpayment or nonperformance by our customers. We perform ongoing credit evaluations of our customers and do not generally require collateral in support of our trade receivables. While we maintain reserves for potential credit losses, we can provide no assurances that such reserves will be sufficient to cover uncollectible receivable amounts or that our losses from such receivables will be consistent with our expectations.

Furthermore, some of our customers may be highly leveraged and subject to their own operating and regulatory risks, which increases the risk that they may default on their obligations to us. To the extent one or more of our key customers is in financial distress or commences bankruptcy proceedings, contracts with, or obligations from, these customers may be subject to renegotiation or rejection under applicable provisions of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code and similar international laws. During 2020, one of our customers filed for and emerged from Chapter 11 bankruptcy; however, our dispute with the customer relating to the construction of two MPSVs is ongoing. See Note 10 and “Legal Proceedings” in Item 3 for further discussion of our MPSV dispute.


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Our method of accounting for revenue using the percentage-of-completion method could have a negative impact on our results of operations.

Revenue and gross profit for contracts accounted for using the percentage-of-completion method can be significantly affected by changes in estimated cost to complete such contracts. Significant estimates impacting the cost to complete a contract include: forecast costs of engineering, materials, equipment and subcontracts; forecast costs of labor and labor productivity; schedule durations, including subcontractor and supplier progress; contract disputes, including claims; achievement of contractual performance requirements; and contingency, among others. The cumulative impact of revisions in total cost estimates during the progress of work is reflected in the period in which these changes become known, including, to the extent required, the reversal of profit recognized in prior periods and the recognition of losses expected to be incurred on contracts. Due to the various estimates inherent in our contract accounting, actual results could differ from those estimates, which could result in material changes to our Financial Statements and related disclosures. See Note 2 and “Critical Accounting Policies” in Item 7 for further discussion of our contracting and revenue recognition.

We may need to obtain debt financing or credit facilities or raise equity capital in the future for working capital, capital expenditures, contract commitments and/or acquisitions, and we may not be able to do so or do so on favorable terms, which would impair our ability to operate our business or execute our strategy.

Our primary sources of liquidity are our cash, cash equivalents and scheduled maturities of our short-term investments. If such amounts and cash flows from operating activities are not sufficient to fund our working capital requirements, capital expenditures, contract commitments, and/or acquisition opportunities, we would be required to reduce our capital expenditures and/or forego certain contracts and/or acquisition opportunities, or we would be required to fund such needs through debt or equity issuances or through other financing alternatives, including the sale of assets.

We may be required to make capital investments in our existing or new facilities and increase our working capital to support our backlog or new project awards. The capital outlays and working capital required by us to execute such projects could exceed our existing, cash, cash equivalents, scheduled maturities of our short-term investments and cash flows from operating activities, and we may not be able to obtain debt financing or credit facilities to fund any such capital investment or working capital requirements.

Our ability to successfully obtain debt financing or credit facilities or raise equity capital in the future will depend in part upon prevailing capital market conditions, as well as conditions in our business and our operating results, and those factors may affect our efforts to obtain additional capital on terms that are satisfactory to us. If adequate capital is not available, or not available on beneficial terms, we may not be able to make future investments, take advantage of acquisitions or other investment opportunities, or respond to competitive challenges. This could limit our ability to bid on new project opportunities, thereby limiting our potential growth and profitability.

 

We may not be able to obtain debt financing, credit facilities or surety bonds if and when needed on favorable terms, if at all.

There are a number of potential negative consequences for the energy sector that may result if oil and gas prices remain volatile (which has been exacerbated by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 and the U.S. and other countries actions in response) or decline or if oil and gas companies continue to de-prioritize investments in exploration, development and production, including the continued or worsening of outflow of credit and capital from the energy sector and/or energy focused companies and further efforts by lenders to reduce their exposure to the energy sector, including the imposition of increased lending standards for the energy sector, higher borrowing costs and collateral requirements, or a refusal to extend new credit or amend existing credit facilities in the energy sector. These potential negative consequences may be exacerbated by the pressure exerted on financial institutions by regulatory agencies to respond quickly and decisively to credit risk that develops in distressed industries. All these factors may complicate our ability to achieve a favorable outcome in obtaining debt financing or credit facilities.

In order to secure debt financing or credit facilities with borrowing capacity, if available, we may be required to provide significant collateral, pay high interest rates and otherwise agree to restrictive terms. Collateral requirements and higher borrowing costs may limit our long- and short-term financial flexibility, and any failure to secure debt financing or credit facilities on terms that are acceptable to us could jeopardize our ability to fund, among other things, capital expenditures and general working capital needs or meet our other financial commitments. In addition, in the second quarter 2021, we entered into a multiple indebtedness mortgage (“Mortgage Agreement”) and a restrictive covenant arrangement (“Restrictive Covenant Agreement”) with one of our Sureties to secure our obligations and liabilities under our general indemnity agreement with such Surety associated with its outstanding surety bond obligations for our MPSV projects and two forty-vehicle ferry projects. We could be required to provide additional collateral to the Surety in support of these performance bonds or other performance bonds issued by the Surety or other Sureties.


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Our LC Facility currently provides for letters of credit, which are subject to cash securitization. We provide our customers letters of credit under our LC Facility and surety bonds from financial institutions to secure advance payments or guarantee performance under our contracts, or in lieu of retention being withheld on our contracts. With respect to a letter of credit under our LC Facility, any advance in the event of non-performance under a contract would become a direct obligation and reduction in our cash. With respect to a surety bond, any advance payment in the event of non-performance is subject to indemnification of the Surety by us, which may require us to use our cash, cash equivalents or short-term investments. When a contract is complete, the contingent obligation terminates, and letters of credit or surety bonds are returned. It has been increasingly difficult to obtain letters of credit and bonding capacity and identify potential financing sources, due to, among other things, losses from our operations in recent years, including charges on projects within our Shipyard Division and discontinued operations. We can provide no assurances that necessary letters of credit or bonding capacity will be available to support future project requirements. See Note 7 and “Liquidity and Capital Resources” in Item 7 for further discussion of our LC Facility, surety bonds and Mortgage Agreement and Restrictive Covenant Agreement, and Note 10 for further discussion of our MPSV dispute.

We may not be able to generate sufficient cash flow to meet our obligations.

Our ability to fund operations depends on our ability to generate future cash flows from operations. This, to a large extent, is subject to conditions in the oil and gas industry, including commodity prices, demand for our services and the prices we are able to charge for our services, general economic and financial conditions, competition in the markets in which we operate, the impact of legislative and regulatory actions on how we conduct our business and other factors, all of which are beyond our control. During 2021 and 2020, we experienced negative cash flows from operations, and this trend could continue if conditions in our industry continue or worsen or if we were to experience losses on our projects. See “Liquidity and Capital Resources” in Item 7 for further discussion of our business outlook.

In addition, on April 17, 2020, we entered into an unsecured loan in the aggregate amount of $10.0 million (“PPP Loan”) with Whitney Bank pursuant to the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”). Following the Small Business Administration’s (“SBA”) approval of our application requesting forgiveness for a portion of the PPP Loan, we repaid Whitney Bank the remaining balance of the PPP Loan, together with accrued interest. However, because the amount borrowed exceeded $2.0 million, we are required by the SBA to retain all records relating to the PPP Loan for six years from the date the loan was forgiven and permit authorized representatives of the SBA to access such records upon request. While we believe we are a qualifying business and have met the eligibility requirements for the PPP Loan, and believe we have used the loan proceeds only for expenses which may be paid using proceeds from the PPP Loan, we can provide no assurances that any potential SBA review or audit will verify the amount forgiven, in whole or in part, and we could be required to repay all or part of the forgiven amount. See Note 7 and “Liquidity and Capital Resources” in Item 7 for further discussion of the PPP Loan.

 

Workforce Risks

 

If we continue to have insufficient utilization levels for our facilities or personnel, our results of operations and financial condition would be adversely affected.

In recent years we have experienced an under-utilization of our facilities and personnel and have not fully recovered our fixed overhead costs, due in part to the high fixed costs of our operations and the impact of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and volatile oil and gas prices. This has resulted in losses from our operations. If current or future facility and personnel capacity fails to match current or future customer demands for our services, our facilities would continue to be under-utilized, which could result in less profitable operations or ongoing losses from our operations.

Our employees and subcontractors work on projects that are inherently dangerous. If we fail to maintain safe work sites, we can be exposed to significant financial losses and reputational harm.

We work on projects with large, mechanized equipment, moving vehicles, and dangerous processes, which can place our employees and subcontractors in challenging environments. We maintain a safety assurance program designed to ensure the safety of our employees and subcontractors and to ensure that we remain in compliance with all applicable federal and state mandated safety regulations. If our safety assurance program fails, our employees, subcontractors and others may become injured, disabled or lose their lives, and our projects may be delayed, causing exposure to litigation or investigations by regulators.

Unsafe conditions at project work sites also have the potential to increase employee turnover, increase project costs and increase our operating costs. In addition, our customers often require that we meet certain safety criteria to be eligible to bid contracts. Our failure to maintain adequate safety standards could result in lost project awards and customers or preclude us from tendering future bids.

These risks may be greater should we acquire companies that have poor safety performance, requiring corrective actions during the integration process. Further, while the acquired DSS Business has a good safety record, we are in the process of integrating our safety policies and procedures, which may not be successful and could result in material unanticipated challenges, expenses or liabilities. This may result in liabilities before such corrective actions are implemented.

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We may be unable to employ a sufficient number of skilled personnel to execute our projects.

Our operations require personnel with specialized skills and experience. In recent years we have reduced our skilled workforce attributable to our fabrication activities in response to decreases in the utilization of our facilities. Our productivity and profitability are significantly dependent upon our ability to attract and retain skilled construction supervision and craft labor, primarily welders, pipe fitters and equipment operators. Reductions in our labor force may make it more difficult to increase our labor force to desirable levels during periods of expanding customer demand and increases in our backlog.

In periods of increased demand for construction and services labor, the supply of skilled labor becomes increasingly limited resulting in higher costs of labor, including increases in wage rates and the costs of recruiting or training to attract and retain qualified personnel. Further, during times of higher demand for our services, if skilled labor become scarce, it could also increase our use of contract labor, which may have a higher cost and lower levels of productivity.

If we are unable to hire and retain necessary skilled labor, including the employees of the DSS Business, we may be unable to secure new project awards and expand our operations. Further, any shortage of skilled labor or ongoing challenges hiring and retaining skilled labor could negatively affect the quality, safety, timeliness and profitability of our projects.

 

Workplace vaccination or weekly testing requirements could impact our workforce, increase our costs and have a material adverse effect on our business and operating results.

 

Certain customers have issued vaccine requirements with respect to our employees who provide on-site services at customer facilities. Vaccination requirements for our workforce could materially affect our operations, as substantially all of our employees reside in Louisiana and Texas where the vaccination rates are relatively low. Implementation of any such requirements may result in attrition of our employees, and difficulty retaining and attracting employees, which could adversely affect our business and operating results. Any vaccination requirements may also put us at a competitive disadvantage if our competitors are better able to comply with such requirements. A failure to comply with these requirements or to ensure compliance by our subcontractors could damage our reputation and may cause our customers to cancel contracts with us or to not award future business to us.

Our success is dependent on key personnel.

Our success is dependent upon the abilities of our executives, management, and other key employees who have significant experience within our industry. Our success also depends on our ability to attract, retain and motivate highly-skilled personnel in various areas, including construction supervision, project management, procurement, project controls and finance. The loss of one or more key personnel or our inability to attract, retain and motivate necessary personnel could impact our operations. In addition, we may not be able to retain key employees assumed in an acquisition, including the DSS Acquisition, which may impact our ability to successfully integrate or operate the business acquired.

We depend on third parties to provide services to perform our contractual obligations and supply raw materials.

We rely on third parties to provide raw materials and major components, and depend upon subcontractors for a variety of reasons, including: (i) to perform work we would otherwise perform with our employees but are unable to do so as a result of scheduling demands; (ii) to supervise and/or perform certain aspects of a contract more efficiently considering the conditions of the contract; and (iii) to perform certain services that we are unable to do or which we believe can be performed at a lower cost by subcontractors.

Failure of suppliers and subcontractors, on which we rely, to deliver materials and provide services, or perform under their contracts on a timely basis, or at all, due to their own financial or operational difficulties or inability to fulfill their contractual obligations due to the reduced availability of their workforce, has had and may continue to have an adverse impact on our operations. For example, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the anticipated impact of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 on our suppliers and subcontractors has resulted in, and may continue to result in, scheduling delays and higher costs, including as a result of inflation, for subcontracted services and materials. Further, certain deliverables from third-party engineering firms supporting our projects have been delayed. The inability of our suppliers or subcontractors to perform could result in the need to transition to alternative suppliers or subcontractors, which could result in significant incremental costs and delay, or the need for us to provide other supplemental means to support our existing suppliers and subcontractors. Disruptions and performance problems caused by our suppliers and subcontractors, or a misalignment between our contractual obligations to our customers and our agreements with our subcontractors and suppliers, could have an adverse effect on our ability to meet our commitments to customers.

We may be protected from increases in material costs through cost escalation provisions in some of our contracts. However, the difference between our actual material costs and these escalation provisions may expose us to cost uncertainty. In addition, we may experience significant delays in deliveries of key raw materials, which may occur as a result of availability or price, including higher costs due to inflation.


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Strategic Risks

Our efforts to strategically reposition the Company to diversify our service offerings and customer base may not result in increased shareholder value.

Our operations have historically been focused on fabrication and services for the offshore oil and gas industry. We have diversified our business through the pursuit of onshore fabrication opportunities and sustainable energy and other projects that are not related to our traditional offshore oil and gas markets. In the fourth quarter 2021, we expanded our offshore services offerings and further diversified our offshore customer base through the DSS Acquisition. Entry into, or further development of, new lines of business may expose us to risks that are different from those we have experienced historically. We may not be able to effectively manage these additional risks or implement successful business strategies. Additionally, our competitors in these expanded lines of business may possess greater operational knowledge, resources and experience than we do. These diversification initiatives may not increase shareholder value and could result in a reduction in shareholder value depending upon our required capital investment and success.

 

The financial benefits we expect to receive as a result of the Shipyard Transaction may not be realized.

 

We plan to continue to use the net cash proceeds realized from the Shipyard Transaction to fund net working capital liabilities associated with the Retained Shipyard Contracts and other Shipyard Division liabilities and to support the wind down of the Shipyard Division operations, which is anticipated to occur by the third quarter 2022. We may from time to time going forward continue to find our liquidity position to be challenging, and our use of the proceeds from the Shipyard Transaction may not improve our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows or enhance the trading value of our common stock. In addition, we expect to receive the remaining $0.9 million of the Transaction Price in 2022 upon Bollinger’s collection of certain customer payments associated with the Divested Shipyard Contracts. In the event Bollinger fails to achieve certain contractual milestones and collect such amounts from the customer or Bollinger makes any indemnification or other claims arising out of the Shipyard Transaction that are not resolved in our favor, we may not realize the full economic value we expect to derive from the Shipyard Transaction. In addition, the sale of our Shipyard Division assets and a majority of our long-term construction contracts results in a less diversified business portfolio, and we will have a greater dependency on the performance of our remaining operations for our financial results.

 

In connection with the Shipyard Transaction, we also entered into a transition services agreement with Bollinger, pursuant to which each party will provide certain transition services to the other party. In the course of performing our obligations under the transition services agreement, we have agreed to make available to Bollinger certain operational assets and support at a contracted price, including assets, facilities, equipment and the time and attention of our management, which may interfere with the efficient performance of our responsibilities with respect to our remaining operations.

 

Further, we must successfully complete the Active Retained Shipyard Contracts and we can provide no assurances that the execution of such projects will not be impacted by the Shipyard Transaction or that we will be able complete such projects within our forecast cost estimates.

 

All of the above factors associated with the Shipyard Transaction, among others, may negatively impact our business, results of operations and financial condition.

We may be unable to successfully integrate the DSS Business and realize the anticipated benefits of the DSS Acquisition.

The integration of the DSS Business will require significant management attention and resources. Potential difficulties we may encounter in the integration process include the following:

 

the failure to retain the skilled employees of the DSS Business;

 

the loss of our customers or those of the DSS Business following the DSS Acquisition;

 

the complexities of integrating companies with different standards, controls, processes and procedures and operating structures;

 

potential unknown liabilities and unforeseen additional expenses associated with the DSS Acquisition; and

 

performance of our business and the DSS Business being negatively impacted by the diversion of management’s attention of both our business and the DSS Business caused by the integration.

For these reasons, it is possible that the integration process could result in the distraction of management, the disruption of our ongoing business or inconsistencies in our services, standards, controls, processes and procedures, any of which could adversely affect our ability to execute our projects, or maintain relationships with customers, subcontractors, suppliers and employees. Further, the DSS Acquisition involved the acquisition of real property, which may subject us to future environmental or other liabilities not discovered in our due diligence process. Any of the aforementioned factors could prevent us from realizing the anticipated benefits of the DSS Acquisition on our expected timeline or at all, or otherwise adversely affect our business and financial results.

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Our strategy to monetize under-utilized assets, including the sale of assets held for sale, and rationalize under-utilized facilities to improve our facility utilization, could result in future losses or impairments and may not produce our desired results.

We are taking actions to monetize under-utilized assets, and during 2021 and 2020, sold certain assets held for sale for net proceeds of $4.4 million and $1.7 million, respectively. At December 31, 2021, our remaining assets held for sale totaled $1.8 million. Further, our ongoing evaluation of under-utilized assets could result in the identification of additional assets for sale. In the past, we have recorded impairments associated with our assets held for sale. We can provide no assurances that we will successfully sell our assets held for sale, that we will be able to do so in accordance with our expected timeline or that we will recover the carrying value of the assets, which could result in additional impairments or losses. Additionally, any decisions made regarding our deployment or use of any sales proceeds we receive involves risks and uncertainties. As a result, our decisions with respect to such proceeds may not lead to increased long-term shareholder value. See Note 5 for further discussion of our assets held for sale.

We are also taking actions to relocate assets, consolidate operations and rationalize under-utilized facilities to improve our facility and personnel utilization. Such actions may include the closure or consolidation of one or more of our facilities and the termination of facility employees. During 2020, we closed our Jennings Facility and Lake Charles Facility, and during 2021, we sold our Shipyard Facility in connection with the Shipyard Transaction and consolidated certain operations within our F&S Facility. In connection therewith, during 2021 and 2020, we recorded impairments of certain assets and recorded losses on the sale of certain assets. A facility closure or consolidation could result in future impairments of facility assets and other restructuring or exits costs, including retention, severance or other costs associated with terminated personnel. Further, we can provide no assurances that any facility closure or consolidation will result in an improvement in our overall utilization or that the costs of doing so will not exceed the benefits expected to be gained from the closure or consolidation of a facility. See Note 3 for further discussion of the Shipyard Transaction and our closure of the Jennings Facility and Lake Charles Facility.

Legal, Regulatory and Environmental Risks

Any changes in U.S. trade policies and retaliatory responses from other countries may significantly increase the costs or limit supplies of materials and products used in our fabrication projects.

In the recent past, the federal government imposed new or increased tariffs or duties on an array of imported materials and products used in connection with our fabrication business, including steel, which raised our costs for these items (or products made with them), and threatened to impose further tariffs, duties and/or trade restrictions on imports. Foreign governments, including China and Canada, and trading blocs, such as the European Union, responded by imposing or increasing tariffs, duties and/or trade restrictions on U.S. goods. Recently, in response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, the U.S. and other countries imposed sanctions and/or other restrictive actions against Russia. These developments have caused global economic disruptions, including increases in energy prices, and the ultimate impact on global economic conditions and on our business cannot yet be determined. Any trading conflicts and related escalating governmental actions that result in additional tariffs, duties and/or trade restrictions could increase our costs, cause disruptions or shortages in our supply chains and/or negatively impact the U.S., regional or local economies.

We are susceptible to adverse weather conditions in our market areas.

Our operations may be subject to seasonal variations due to weather conditions and daylight hours, and to the extent climate change results in an increase in extreme adverse weather conditions, the likelihood of a negative impact on our operations may increase. Although we have large covered fabrication facilities, a significant amount of our construction activities continues to take place outdoors, and accordingly, the number of labor hours worked may decline during the winter months due to unfavorable weather conditions and a decrease in daylight hours. In addition, the seasonality of oil and gas industry activity in the GOM also affects our operations. Our offshore oil and gas customers often schedule the completion of their projects during the summer months in order to take advantage of more favorable weather during such months. Further, rainy weather, tropical storms, hurricanes and other storms prevalent in the GOM and along the Gulf Coast may also affect our operations. For example, in the third quarter 2021 and third quarter 2020, we experienced damage to our facilities in Houma, Louisiana and Lake Charles, Louisiana, respectively, due to Hurricane Ida and Laura, respectively, which both made landfall as high-end Category 4 hurricanes. The impact of severe weather conditions or natural disasters has included and may continue to include the disruption of our workforce; curtailment of services; weather-related damage to our facilities and equipment, including impacts from infrastructure challenges in the surrounding areas, resulting in suspension of operations; inability to deliver equipment, personnel and products to job sites in accordance with contract schedules; and loss of productivity. Our suppliers and subcontractors are also subject to severe weather and natural or environmental disasters that could affect their ability to deliver products or services or otherwise perform under their contracts. Furthermore, our customers’ operations have been materially and adversely affected by severe weather and seasonal weather conditions, including Hurricane Ida, resulting in reduced demand for our services. See Note 2 and “Overview” in Item 7 for further discussion of the impacts of adverse weather conditions to our operations.


19


 

 

The nature of our industry subjects us to compliance with regulatory and environmental laws.

Our operations and properties are subject to a wide variety of existing foreign, federal, state and local laws and other regulations, including those governing discharges into the air and water, the handling and disposal of solid and hazardous wastes, the remediation of soil and groundwater contaminated by hazardous substances and the health and safety of employees. In addition, we could be affected by future laws or regulations, including those imposed in response to concerns over climate change, other aspects of the environment, or natural resources. For example, because of concerns that carbon dioxide, methane and certain other greenhouse gases may produce climate changes that have significant impacts on public health and the environment, various governmental authorities have considered and are continuing to consider the adoption of regulatory strategies and controls designed to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases resulting from regulated activities, which if adopted in areas where we conduct business, could require us or our customers to incur additional compliance costs, may result in delays in the pursuit of regulated activities, prevent customers’ projects from going forward and could adversely affect demand for the oil and natural gas that some of our customers produce, thereby potentially limiting demand for our services.

Compliance with many of these laws is becoming increasingly complex, stringent and expensive. These laws may impose “strict liability” for damages to natural resources or threats to public health and safety, rendering a party liable for the environmental damage without regard to its negligence or fault. Certain environmental laws provide for strict, joint and several liability for remediation of spills and other releases of hazardous substances, as well as damage to natural resources. In addition, we could be subject to claims alleging personal injury or property damage as a result of alleged exposure to hazardous substances. Such laws and regulations may also expose us to liability for the conduct of others or conditions caused by others, or acts for which we were in compliance with applicable laws at the time such acts were performed. We believe that our present operations materially comply with applicable federal and state pollution control and environmental protection laws and regulations. To date, compliance with such laws has not resulted in a material adverse effect on our operations. However, such environmental laws are changed frequently. Sanctions for noncompliance may include revocation of permits, corrective action orders, administrative or civil penalties and criminal prosecution. It is also possible that the current administration and Congress will impose additional environmental regulations or laws that will restrict federal oil and gas leasing, permitting or drilling practices on public lands and waters, which could result in more stringent or costly restrictions, delays or cancellations to our operations. For example, in the fourth quarter 2021, the current administration proposed reforms to the country’s oil and gas leasing program, which would raise costs for energy companies to drill on public lands and waters, and President Biden previously issued orders temporarily suspending leasing or permitting of oil and gas activities on federal lands and waters. The current administration has also proposed a moratorium on hydraulic fracturing on federal lands and waters. Although such actions have not resulted in permanent restrictions, we are currently unable to predict whether these and other environmental regulations will have a material adverse effect on our future operations and financial results. See “Government and Environmental Regulation” in Item 1 for further discussion.

The demand for our services is also affected by changing taxes, price controls and other laws and regulations related to the oil and gas, chemicals, commodities and alternative energy industries. We may not be able to pass any potential increases in taxes on to our customers.

Offshore construction and drilling in certain areas is opposed by many environmental groups and, in certain areas, has been restricted. To the extent laws are enacted or other governmental actions are taken that prohibit or restrict offshore construction and drilling or impose environmental protection requirements that result in increased costs to the oil and gas industry in general and the offshore construction industry, our business and prospects could be adversely affected. We cannot determine to what extent future operations and results of operations may be affected by new legislation, new regulations or changes in existing regulations.

Actions of activist shareholders could create uncertainty about our future strategic direction, be costly and divert the attention of our management and board. In addition, some institutional investors may be discouraged from investing in the industries that we service.

In recent years, activist shareholders have placed increasing pressure on publicly-traded companies to effect changes to corporate governance practices, executive compensation practices or social and environmental practices or to undertake certain corporate actions or reorganizations. There can be no assurances that additional activist shareholders will not publicly advocate for us to make further corporate governance changes or engage in certain corporate actions. Responding to challenges from activist shareholders, such as proxy contests, media campaigns or other public or private means, could be costly and time consuming and could have an adverse effect on our reputation and divert the attention and resources of management and our board, which could have an adverse effect on our business and operational results. Additionally, shareholder activism could create uncertainty about our leadership or our future strategic direction, resulting in loss of future business opportunities, which could adversely affect our business, future operations, profitability and our ability to attract and retain qualified personnel. As of December 31, 2021, based on our review of public filings with the SEC, we believe over half of our stock is held by a combination of institutional investors, pooled investment funds, and certain other investors with a history of shareholder activism. One such investor has a Schedule 13D on file with the SEC that reserves that investor’s rights to pursue corporate governance changes, board structure changes, changes to capitalization, potential business combinations or dispositions involving the Company or certain of our businesses, or suggestions for improving the Company’s financial and/or operational performance.

20


 

In addition to risks associated with activist shareholders, some institutional investors are increasingly focused on environmental, social and governance (“ESG”) factors when allocating their capital. These investors may be seeking enhanced ESG disclosures and actions or may implement policies that discourage investment in certain of the industries, including the oil and gas industry, that we service. To the extent that certain institutional investors implement policies that discourage investments in industries that we service, it could have an adverse effect on our financing costs and access to sources of capital. Further, we may not succeed in implementing or communicating an ESG message that is well understood or received. As a result, we may experience diminished reputation or sentiment, reduced access to sources of capital, an inability to attract and retain qualified personnel and loss of customers, suppliers or subcontractors.

Our business is highly dependent on our ability to utilize the navigation canals adjacent to our facilities.

Our facilities in Houma, Louisiana are located on the Houma Navigation Canal approximately 30 miles from the GOM and on a slip adjacent to the Houma Navigation Canal. The Houma Navigation Canal provides the shortest and least restrictive means of access from our facilities to open waters. These waterways are navigable waterways of the U.S. and, as such, are protected by federal law from unauthorized obstructions that would hinder water-borne traffic. Federal law also authorizes maintenance of these waterways by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. These waterways are dredged from time to time to maintain water depth and, while federal funding for dredging has historically been provided, there is no assurance that Congressional appropriations sufficient for adequate dredging and other maintenance of these waterways will be continued. If funding were not appropriated for that purpose, some or all of these waterways could become impassable by barges or other vessels required to transport many of our products.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

 

See Note 10 of our Financial Statements in Item 8 for discussion of our legal proceedings, including our MPSV dispute, which is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

PART II

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Shareholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Our common stock is traded on the Nasdaq Global Select Market, under the symbol “GIFI.” At March 14, 2022, there were 52 registered holders of our common stock, which does not include beneficial holders (also known as “street holders”) whose shares are held by banks, brokers, and other financial institutions.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

We had no repurchases of securities during the fourth quarter 2021. Information as to the securities authorized for issuance under our equity compensation plans is incorporated herein by reference to Item 12.

Item 6. Selected Financial Data

Not applicable.

21


 

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” is provided to assist readers in understanding our financial performance during the periods presented and significant trends that may impact our future performance. The results of operations reported and summarized below are not necessarily indicative of future operating results (refer to “Cautionary Statement on Forward-Looking Information” for further discussion). This discussion should be read in conjunction with our Financial Statements and the related notes thereto. References to “Notes” relate to the Notes to our Financial Statements in Item 8. Certain terms are defined in the “Glossary of Terms” beginning on page ii.

Overview

We are a leading fabricator of complex steel structures and modules and provider of specialty services, including project management, hookup, commissioning, repair, maintenance, scaffolding, coatings, civil construction and staffing services to the industrial and energy sectors. Our customers include U.S. and, to a lesser extent, international energy producers; refining, petrochemical, LNG, industrial and power operators; and EPC companies. We currently operate and manage our business through two operating divisions (“Fabrication & Services” and “Shipyard”) and one non-operating division (“Corporate”), which represent our reportable segments. Our corporate headquarters is located in Houston, Texas and our primary operating facilities are located in Houma, Louisiana.

On April 19, 2021, we sold our Shipyard Division operating assets and certain construction contracts (“Shipyard Transaction”) and intend to wind down our remaining Shipyard Division operations by the third quarter 2022. We determined the Shipyard Division operations associated with the Shipyard Transaction, and associated with certain previously closed Shipyard Division facilities, to be discontinued operations in 2021 and have recast historical financial information accordingly. See “Description of Business” in Item 1 and Note 12 for further discussion of our reportable segments and Note 3 for further discussion of the Shipyard Transaction and our discontinued operations.

On December 1, 2021, we acquired (“DSS Acquisition”) the services and industrial staffing businesses (“DSS Business”) of Dynamic Industries, Inc. (“Dynamic”). The operating results of the DSS Business are included within our Fabrication & Services Division. See Note 4 for further discussion of the DSS Acquisition.

Notable projects completed in recent years by our Fabrication & Services Division include the fabrication of marine docking structures, modules for an offshore facility and an offshore jacket and deck; material supply for an offshore jacket and deck; and expansion of a paddlewheel riverboat. Other significant completed projects for our Fabrication & Services Division include the fabrication of modules for a petrochemical facility, a meteorological tower and platform for an offshore wind project, and wind turbine foundations for the first offshore wind project in the U.S.; and construction of two liftboats servicing the Gulf of Mexico (“GOM”), a production jacket for the GOM, and the first single point anchor reservoir hull fabricated in the U.S.

Impacts to Operations from Oil Price Volatility and COVID-19

For the last several years, the price of oil has experienced significant volatility, resulting in reductions in capital spending and drilling activities from our traditional offshore oil and gas customer base. Consequently, our operating results and cash flows have been negatively impacted as we experienced reductions in revenue, lower margins due to competitive pricing, under-utilization of our operating facilities and resources, and losses on certain projects. The ongoing global coronavirus pandemic (“COVID-19”) added another layer of pressure and uncertainty on oil prices and our end markets, which further impacted our operations during 2021 and 2020. In addition, our operations (as well as the operations of our customers, subcontractors and counterparties) were negatively impacted by the physical distancing, quarantine and isolation measures recommended by national, state and local authorities on large portions of the populations, and mandatory business closures that were enacted in an attempt to control the spread of COVID-19, and which could be reenacted in response to new and emerging strains and variants of COVID-19 or any future major public health crisis. We continue to monitor the impact of COVID-19 on our operations and recognize that it could continue to negatively impact our business and results of operations in 2022 and beyond.

The ultimate business and financial impacts of oil price volatility and COVID-19 on our business and results of operations continues to be uncertain, but the impacts have included, or may include, among other things, reduced bidding activity; suspension or termination of backlog; deterioration of customer financial condition; potential supply interruptions; and unanticipated project costs due to project disruptions and schedule delays, material price increases, lower labor productivity, increased employee and contractor absenteeism and turnover, craft labor hiring challenges, lack of performance by subcontractors and suppliers, and contract disputes. Our estimates in future periods will be revised for any events and changes in circumstances arising after the date of this Report for the impacts of oil price volatility, COVID-19 and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022. See Note 2 for further discussion of the impacts of the aforementioned on our projects, and “Risk Factors” in Item 1A and Note 1 for further discussion of the impacts of oil price volatility, COVID-19 and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.


22


 

 

Other Impacts to Operations

Hurricane Ida During 2021, our operations were impacted by Hurricane Ida, which made landfall near Houma, Louisiana on August 29, 2021, as a high-end Category 4 hurricane, with high winds, heavy rains and storm surge causing significant damage and power outages throughout the region. Our F&S Facility did not experience significant flood damage; however, the high winds and heavy rain damaged multiple buildings and equipment and resulted in significant debris throughout the facility. As a result of the power outages, damage to buildings and debris, the operations at our F&S Facility were temporarily suspended and we immediately commenced cleanup and restoration efforts. While cleanup and restoration efforts are ongoing, we recommenced our operations before the end of the third quarter 2021. As a result of the temporary suspension of operations our operating results were negatively impacted due to reduced utilization of our facilities and resources. See Note 2 for further discussion of the impacts of Hurricane Ida.

Forty-Vehicle Ferry Projects – During 2020, our first forty-vehicle ferry project was damaged by an overhead crane, which disengaged from its tracks, and landed on the vessel hull that was under construction. In addition, we experienced challenges during sea trials in January 2022 for the second vessel and have previously experienced construction challenges on both vessels, including increases in forecast costs. We believe the challenges experienced are the result of vessel design deficiencies that are the responsibility of the customer and have filed a lawsuit against the customer. The projects may be impacted by future challenges with, and resolution of, the vessel design deficiencies. See Note 2 for further discussion of our forty-vehicle ferry projects.

Initiatives to Improve Operating Results and Generate Stable, Profitable Growth

Phase One – During 2020, we outlined a strategy to address our operational, market and economic challenges and position the Company to pursue stable, profitable growth. Underpinning this strategy was a focus on the following initiatives:

 

Mitigate the impacts of COVID-19 on our operations, employees and contractors;

 

Reduce our risk profile;

 

Preserve and improve our liquidity;

 

Improve our resource utilization and centralize key project resources;

 

Improve our competitiveness and project execution; and

 

Reduce our reliance on the offshore oil and gas construction sector and pursue new growth end markets, including:

 

Fabricating modules, piping systems and other structures for onshore refining, petrochemical, LNG and industrial facilities, and

 

Fabricating foundations, secondary steel components and support structures for offshore wind developments.

Phase Two – During 2021, we continued to advance these initiatives, which have provided a foundation for our future success, and commenced the next phase of our strategic transformation, which is focused on generating stable, profitable growth. Underpinning this strategy is a focus on the following initiatives:

 

Expand our skilled workforce;

 

Pursue additional growth end markets and increase our T&M versus fixed price revenue mix, including:

 

Diversifying our offshore services customer base, increasing our offshore services offerings and expanding our services business to include onshore facilities along the Gulf Coast, and

 

Fabricating structures in support of our customers as they make energy transitions away from fossil fuels.


23


 

 

Progress on our Phase One and Phase Two Initiatives

Efforts to mitigate the impacts of COVID-19 on our operations, employees and contractors – We are continuing to take actions to mitigate the impacts of COVID-19 on our operations while ensuring the safety and well-being of our employees and contractors.

 

COVID-19 measures – We have taken proactive actions to mitigate the ongoing impacts of COVID-19 on our operations, while ensuring the safety and well-being of our workforce. We have established protocols to monitor employee and visitor temperatures prior to their entry into our facilities, implemented employee and visitor wellness questionnaires, maintain appropriate workplace distancing (including allowing some employees to work remotely) and perform regular monitoring of office and yard personnel for compliance. We have also installed hand sanitizing stations and taken additional actions to more frequently sanitize our facilities. We continue to monitor employee absenteeism and the reasons for such absences and have protocols for handling employees who have tested positive for COVID-19 or have come in contact with individuals that tested positive for COVID-19. In addition, we have established protocols for employees to return to work that test positive for COVID-19, including requiring a negative COVID-19 antigen test prior to returning to work.

 

Pursuit of force majeure – We are providing appropriate notices to our customers and making the appropriate claims for extensions of schedule for our projects which have been impacted by COVID-19.

 

Loan agreementIn April 2020, we entered into a loan agreement for proceeds of $10.0 million (“PPP Loan”) pursuant to the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”). The proceeds were used for payroll costs, rent and utilities, of which approximately 93% was used for payroll costs. In July 2021, the SBA approved our application for forgiveness of $8.9 million of the PPP Loan, plus accrued interest, and we repaid the remaining balance of the PPP Loan. See “Liquidity and Capital Resources” below and Note 5 for further discussion of the PPP Loan.

Efforts to reduce our risk profile – The completion of the Shipyard Transaction improved our risk profile by removing potential future risks associated with the Divested Shipyard Contracts that represented approximately 90% of our backlog and had durations that extended through 2024. Further, the wind down of the Shipyard Division operations after completion of the Active Retained Shipyard Contracts will further reduce our risk profile as it will position us for profitable growth in existing and new higher-margin markets associated with our Fabrication & Services Division. See “Operating Segments” below and Note 2 for further discussion of our project impacts.

Efforts to preserve and improve our liquidity – We continue to take actions to preserve and improve our liquidity, and at December 31, 2021, our cash and short-term investments totaled $54.6 million. To preserve our liquidity position, we have undertaken cost reduction initiatives (including reducing the compensation of our executive officers and directors and reducing the size of our board in 2020), monetized under-utilized assets and facilities (including the sale of assets held for sale for net proceeds of $4.4 million in 2021 and $1.7 million in 2020) and are maintaining an ongoing focus on project cash flow management. Further, as discussed above, we received the PPP Loan in the second quarter 2020, which provided funding necessary to offset the immediate and anticipated impacts of COVID-19. It also provided us important additional liquidity, which is important because a strong balance sheet is required to execute our backlog and compete for new project awards, and we experience significant monthly fluctuations in our working capital. In addition, as a result of the Shipyard Transaction and anticipated wind down of the Shipyard Division operations, our bonding, letters of credit and working capital requirements related to the Divested Shipyard Contracts and ongoing Shipyard Division operations have been significantly reduced.

Efforts to improve our resource utilization and centralize our key project resources – We have improved our resource utilization and centralized our key project resources through the rationalization and integration of our facilities and operations.

 

Combination of our Fabrication Division and Services Division – During the first quarter 2020, we combined our Fabrication and Services Divisions to form an integrated new division called Fabrication & Services. The integration has enabled us to capitalize on the best practices and execution experience of the former divisions, conform processes and procedures, maximize the utilization of our resources (including reducing overhead costs) and improve project execution.

 

Closure of Jennings Facility and Lake Charles Facility During the fourth quarter 2020, we closed our Jennings Facility and Lake Charles Facility, reducing overhead costs, improving utilization and representing a preliminary step in the wind down of our Shipyard Division operations discussed further below.

 

Completion of Shipyard Transaction and anticipated wind down of Shipyard Division operations – During the second quarter 2021, we completed the Shipyard Transaction and intend to wind down the Shipyard Division operations upon completion of the Active Retained Shipyard Contracts, which is anticipated to occur by the third quarter 2022. The Shipyard Transaction and wind down of the Shipyard Division operations is expected to reduce overhead costs, improve utilization and enable senior management to focus on existing and new higher-margin markets associated with our Fabrication & Services Division.   


24


 

 

Efforts to improve our competitiveness and project execution – We have taken, and continue to take, actions to improve our competitiveness and project execution by enhancing our proposal, estimating and operations resources, processes and procedures. Our actions include strategic changes in management and key personnel, the addition of functional expertise, project management training, development of a formal “lessons learned” program, and other measures designed to strengthen our personnel, processes and procedures. Further, we are taking a disciplined approach to pursuing and bidding project opportunities, putting more rigor around our bid estimates to provide greater confidence that our estimates are achievable, increasing accountability and providing incentives for the execution of projects in line with our original estimates and subsequent forecasts, and incorporating previous experience into the bidding and execution of future projects.

Efforts to expand our skilled workforce – We are focused on ways to improve retention and enhance and add to our skilled, craft personnel, as we believe a strong workforce will be a key differentiator in pursuing new project awards given the scarcity of available skilled labor. The DSS Acquisition in the fourth quarter 2021 nearly doubled our skilled workforce, expanded our geographic footprint for skilled labor, and will contribute to the retention and recruitment of personnel.

Efforts to reduce our reliance on the offshore oil and gas construction sector, pursue new growth end markets and increase our T&M versus fixed price revenue mix – We are continuing to pursue initiatives to reduce our reliance on the offshore oil and gas construction sector and grow and diversify our business.

 

Fabricate onshore modules, piping systems and structures – We continue to focus our business development efforts on the fabrication of modules, piping systems and other structures for onshore refining, petrochemical, LNG and industrial facilities. We have experienced success with several smaller project opportunities, and our volume of bidding activity for onshore modules, piping systems and structures is increasing; however, our pursuit of large project opportunities has been impacted by, among other things, the timing and delay of certain opportunities due in part to COVID-19, volatile oil prices and an ongoing competitive market environment. We continue to believe that our strategic location in Houma, Louisiana and track record of quality and on-time completion of onshore modules position us well to compete in the onshore fabrication market. However, the competitive environment we are experiencing for large project opportunities indicates that there continues to be excess capacity in our end markets. While we continue to have a pipeline of opportunities, we intend to remain disciplined to ensure we do not take unnecessary risks associated with the long-term, fixed-price nature of such projects. The timing of any large project opportunities may also be impacted by ongoing uncertainty created by oil price volatility, COVID-19 and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 and the U.S. and other countries actions in response. In the interim, we continue to strengthen our relationships with key customers and strategic partners and enhance and rationalize our resources as discussed above.

 

Fabricate offshore wind foundations, secondary steel components and support structures – We continue to believe that current initiatives, and potential future requirements, to provide electricity from renewable and green sources will result in growth of offshore wind projects. Furthermore, we believe that we possess the expertise to fabricate jacket foundations, secondary steel components and support structures for this emerging market. This is demonstrated by our previous fabrication of wind turbine foundations for the first offshore wind project in the U.S. and the fabrication of a meteorological tower and platform for an offshore wind project. While we believe we have the capability to participate in this emerging market, we do not expect meaningful opportunities in the near term.

 

Diversify our offshore services customer base, increase our offshore services offerings and expand our services business to include onshore facilities along the Gulf Coast – We believe diversifying and expanding our services business will deliver a more stable revenue stream while providing underpinning work to recruit, develop and retain our craft professionals. The DSS Acquisition in the fourth quarter 2021 accelerated our progress in this initiative and provides a stronger platform to continue such progress. We are also pursuing opportunities to partner with original equipment manufacturers to provide critical services to our customers along the Gulf Coast.

 

Fabricate structures in support of our customers as they make energy transitions away from fossil fuels We believe that our expertise and capabilities provide us with the necessary foundation to fabricate steel structures in support of our customers as they transition away from fossil fuels to green energy end markets. Examples of these opportunities involve refiners who are looking to process biofuels and customers looking to embrace the growing hydrogen economy.

25


 

Operating Outlook

Our focus remains on securing profitable new project awards and backlog in the near-term and generating operating income and cash flows in the longer-term, while ensuring the safety and well-being of our employees and contractors, which has been challenged due to COVID-19 and other market factors. Our success, including achieving the aforementioned initiatives, will be determined by, among other things:

 

Oil and gas prices and the level of volatility in such prices, including the impact of environmental regulations that restrict the oil and gas industry under the current administration and Congress and further developments related to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 and the U.S. and other countries actions in response;

 

COVID-19, for which the ultimate business and financial impacts cannot be reasonably estimated at this time;

 

The level of fabrication opportunities in our traditional offshore markets and the new markets we are pursuing, including refining, petrochemical, LNG and industrial facilities, green energy and offshore wind developments (especially in light of the current administration and Congress);

 

Our ability to secure new project awards through competitive bidding and/or alliance and partnering arrangements;

 

Our ability to execute projects within our cost estimates and successfully manage them through completion (including the Active Retained Shipyard Contracts);

 

Our ability to hire, develop, motivate and retain key personnel and craft labor to execute our projects;  

 

The successful integration of our Fabrication Division and Services Division and the DSS Business;

 

The successful wind down of our Shipyard Division operations;

 

The successful restoration of our F&S Facility within our insurance coverage amounts, resulting from damage caused by Hurricane Ida; and  

 

Our ability to resolve our dispute with a customer related to the construction of two MPSVs. See Note 10 and “Legal Proceedings” in Item 3 for further discussion of the dispute.

In addition, in the near-term, utilization of our Fabrication & Services Division will be impacted by the delay in timing of new project awards and will be impacted by continued inefficiencies and disruptions associated with COVID-19 related health and safety mitigation measures, employee absenteeism and turnover, craft labor hiring challenges, engineering delays, and supplier and subcontractor disruptions. Our near-term results may also be adversely affected by costs associated with (i) the retention of certain personnel that previously supported both our operating divisions but may be temporarily under-utilized as we evaluate our resource requirements to support our future operations in light of the Shipyard Transaction and DSS Acquisition, and (ii) investments in key personnel and process improvement efforts to support our aforementioned initiatives. See Note 1 for further discussion of the impacts of oil price volatility and COVID-19 and “Results of Operations” below and Note 2 for further discussion of our project impacts.

New Project Awards and Backlog

New project awards represent expected revenue values of commitments received during a given period, including scope growth on existing commitments. A commitment represents authorization from our customer to begin work or purchase materials pursuant to a written agreement, letter of intent or other form of authorization. Backlog represents the unrecognized revenue for our new project awards and at December 31, 2021, was consistent with the value of remaining performance obligations for our contracts required to be disclosed under Topic 606 and presented in Note 2. In general, a performance obligation is a contractual obligation to construct and/or transfer a distinct good or service to a customer. The transaction price of a contract is allocated to each distinct performance obligation and recognized as revenue when, or as, the performance obligation is satisfied. We believe that backlog, a non-GAAP financial measure, provides useful information to investors as it represents work that we are obligated to perform under our current contracts. New project awards and backlog may vary significantly each reporting period based on the timing of our major new contract commitments.

Projects in our backlog are generally subject to delay, suspension, termination, or an increase or decrease in scope at the option of the customer; however, the customer is required to pay us for work performed and materials purchased through the date of termination, suspension, or decrease in scope. Depending on the size of the project, the delay, suspension, termination or increase or decrease in scope of any one contract could significantly impact our backlog and change the expected amount and timing of revenue recognized. New project awards by Division for 2021 and 2020, are as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

Years Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Fabrication & Services

 

$

66,488

 

 

$

66,654

 

Shipyard

 

 

-

 

 

 

673

 

 Total New Awards

 

$

66,488

 

 

$

67,327

 

 


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Backlog by Division at December 31, 2021 and 2020, is as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

Amount

 

 

Labor hours

 

 

Amount

 

 

Labor hours

 

Fabrication & Services

 

$

6,847

 

 

 

73

 

 

$

19,381

 

 

 

236

 

Shipyard

 

 

10,223

 

 

 

106

 

 

 

23,187

 

 

 

263

 

Total Backlog (1), (2)

 

$

17,070

 

 

 

179

 

 

$

42,568

 

 

 

499

 

 

 

(1)

In connection with the Shipyard Transaction, backlog of $303.1 million associated with the Divested Shipyard Contracts was sold. We expect to recognize all of our backlog at December 31, 2021, as revenue in 2022. The timing of recognition of the revenue presented in our backlog is based on our current estimates to complete the projects. Certain factors and circumstances could cause changes in the amounts ultimately recognized and the timing of recognition of revenue from our backlog. See “Risk Factors” in Item 1A for further discussion of our backlog and Note 3 for further discussion of the Shipyard Transaction.

 

(2)

At December 31, 2021, our significant projects in backlog included the following:

 

(i)

Construction of two forty-vehicle ferries within our Shipyard Division. We estimate completion of the second vessel in the second quarter 2022 and the first vessel in the third quarter 2022, subject to the potential schedule impacts discussed further in “Overview” above and Note 2; and

 

(ii)

Construction of a seventy-vehicle ferry within our Shipyard Division. We estimate completion of the vessel in the third quarter 2022.

Critical Accounting Policies

Our Financial Statements are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S. (“GAAP”) which require us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. We continually evaluate our estimates and judgments based on historical experience and various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. We also discuss the development and selection of our critical accounting policies with the Audit Committee of our Board of Directors. We believe the following critical accounting policies affect our more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our Financial Statements.

Revenue Recognition

General – Our revenue is derived from customer contracts and agreements that are awarded on a competitively bid and negotiated basis using a range of contracting options, including fixed-price, unit-rate and T&M. Our contracts primarily relate to the fabrication and construction of steel structures, modules and marine vessels, and project management services and other service arrangements. We recognize revenue for our contracts in accordance with Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-09, Topic 606 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” (“Topic 606”).

Fixed-Price and Unit-Rate Contracts Revenue for our fixed-price and unit-rate contracts is recognized using the percentage-of-completion method, based on contract costs incurred to date compared to total estimated contract costs (an input method). Contract costs include direct costs, such as materials and labor, and indirect costs attributable to contract activity. Material costs that are significant to a contract and do not reflect an accurate measure of project completion are excluded from the determination of our contract progress. Revenue for such materials is only recognized to the extent of costs incurred. Revenue and gross profit for contracts accounted for using the percentage-of-completion method can be significantly affected by changes in estimated cost to complete such contracts. Significant estimates impacting the cost to complete a contract include: forecast costs of engineering, materials, equipment and subcontracts; forecast costs of labor and labor productivity; schedule durations, including subcontractor and supplier progress; contract disputes, including claims; achievement of contractual performance requirements; and contingency, among others. Although our customers retain the right and ability to change, modify or discontinue further work at any stage of a contract, in the event our customers discontinue work, they are required to compensate us for the work performed to date. The cumulative impact of revisions in total cost estimates during the progress of work is reflected in the period in which these changes become known, including, to the extent required, the reversal of profit recognized in prior periods and the recognition of losses expected to be incurred on contracts. Due to the various estimates inherent in our contract accounting, actual results could differ from those estimates, which could result in material changes to our Financial Statements and related disclosures.

T&M Contracts – Revenue for our T&M contracts is recognized at contracted rates when the work is performed, the costs are incurred and collection is reasonably assured. Our T&M contracts provide for labor and materials to be billed at rates specified within the contract. The consideration from the customer directly corresponds to the value of our performance completed at the time of invoicing.


27


 

 

Variable Consideration – Revenue and gross profit for contracts can be significantly affected by variable consideration, which can be in the form of unapproved change orders, claims, incentives, and liquidated damages that may not be resolved until the later stages of the contract or after the contract has been completed. We estimate variable consideration based on the amount we expect to be entitled and include estimated amounts in transaction price to the extent it is probable that a significant future reversal of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur or when we conclude that any significant uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved.

See Note 1 for further discussion of our revenue recognition policy and Note 2 for further discussion of projects with significant changes in estimated margins during 2021 and 2020 and discussion of unapproved change orders, claims, incentives and liquidated damages for our projects.

Acquisition-Related Purchase Price Allocation

The Purchase Price associated with the DSS Acquisition was allocated to the major categories of assets and liabilities acquired based upon preliminary estimates of their fair values at the Acquisition Date, which were based, in part, upon outside appraisals for certain assets, including property and equipment and specifically-identifiable intangible assets. The excess of the Purchase Price over the estimated fair value of the net tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired was recorded as goodwill. The purchase price allocation and related amortization periods are based on preliminary information and are subject to change when additional information concerning final asset and liability valuations is obtained. We have not completed our final assessment of the fair value of purchased intangible assets, property, and machinery and equipment. Our final purchase price allocation may result in adjustments to certain assets and liabilities, including the residual amount allocated to goodwill. See Note 4 for further discussion of the DSS Acquisition.

Long-Lived Assets

Goodwill Our goodwill is associated with the DSS Acquisition on December 1, 2021. Goodwill is not amortized, but instead is reviewed for impairment at least annually at a reporting unit level, absent any indicators of impairment. Our Fabrication & Services Division includes one reporting unit associated with our DSS Acquisition. In evaluating goodwill for impairment, we have the option to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of our reporting unit is greater than its carrying value. If we determine that it is more likely than not that the carrying value of the reporting unit is greater than its fair value, we perform a quantitative impairment test by calculating the fair value of the reporting unit and comparing it to the carrying value of the reporting unit. Because of the proximity of the Acquisition Date to December 31, 2021, we performed a qualitative assessment at year-end to determine whether our goodwill was impaired. Based on this qualitative assessment, we determined that it was more likely than not that the fair value of our reporting unit is greater than its carrying value. We intend to perform our future annual impairment assessments during the fourth quarter of each year based upon balances as of the beginning of that year’s fourth quarter. If, based on future assessments, our goodwill is deemed to be impaired, the impairment would result in a charge to our operating results in the year of impairment. See Note 4 for further discussion of the DSS Acquisition and related goodwill.

Other Long-Lived Assets Our long-lived assets, which include property, plant and equipment, lease assets (included within other noncurrent assets), and finite-lived intangible assets (associated with the DSS Acquisition) are reviewed for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. If a recoverability assessment is required, we compare the estimated future undiscounted cash flow associated with the asset or asset group to its carrying amount to determine if an impairment exists. An asset group constitutes the minimum level for which identifiable cash flows are principally independent of the cash flows of other assets or asset groups. An impairment loss is measured by comparing the fair value of the asset or asset group to its carrying amount and the excess of the carrying amount of the asset or asset group over its fair value is recorded as an impairment charge. Fair value is determined based on discounted cash flows, appraised values or third-party indications of value, as appropriate. See Note 2 for discussion of our long-lived asset impairments associated with Hurricane Ida, Note 3 for discussion of our long-lived asset impairments within discontinued operations, and Note 4 for further discussion of the DSS Acquisition and related long-lived assets.

Assets Held for Sale

Assets held for sale are measured at the lower of their carrying amount or fair value less cost to sell. See Note 5 for discussion of impairments of our assets held for sale.

Income Taxes

Income taxes have been provided for using the liability method. Deferred income taxes reflect the net tax effects of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for income tax purposes using enacted rates expected to be in effect during the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. Due to state income tax laws related to the apportionment of revenue for our projects, judgment is required to estimate the effective tax rate expected to apply to tax differences that are expected to reverse in the future.


28


 

 

A valuation allowance is provided to reserve for deferred tax assets (“DTA(s)”) if, based upon the available evidence, it is more likely than not that some or all of the DTAs will not be realized. The realization of our DTAs depends on our ability to generate sufficient taxable income of the appropriate character and in the appropriate jurisdictions.

Reserves for uncertain tax positions are recognized when we consider it more likely than not that additional tax will be due in excess of amounts reflected in our income tax returns, irrespective of whether or not we have received tax assessments. Interest and penalties on uncertain tax positions are recorded within income tax expense. See Note 8 for further discussion of our income taxes, DTAs, and valuation allowance.

Stock-Based Compensation

Awards under our stock-based compensation plans are calculated using a fair value-based measurement method. We use the straight-line and graded vesting methods to recognize share-based compensation expense over the requisite service period of the award. We recognize the excess tax benefit or tax deficiency resulting from the difference between the deduction we receive for tax purposes and the stock-based compensation expense we recognize for financial reporting purposes created when common stock vests, as an income tax benefit or expense in our Statement of Operations. See Note 9 for further discussion of our stock-based and other compensation plans.

Insurance

We maintain insurance coverage for various aspects of our business and operations. However, we may be exposed to future losses through our use of deductibles and self-insured retentions for our exposures related to third party liability and workers’ compensation claims. We expect liabilities in excess of any deductibles and self-insured retentions to be covered by insurance; however, because we do not have an offset right, we have recorded a liability for estimated amounts in excess of our deductibles and have recorded a corresponding asset related to estimated insurance recoveries. To the extent we are self-insured, reserves are recorded based upon our estimates, with input from legal and insurance advisors. Changes in assumptions, as well as changes in actual experience, could cause these estimates to change. See Note 2 for discussion of insurance deductibles incurred during 2021 and 2020 associated with damage caused by Hurricanes Ida and Laura, respectively.

Fair Value Measurements

Our fair value determinations for financial assets and liabilities are based on the particular facts and circumstances. Financial instruments are required to be categorized within a valuation hierarchy based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The three levels of the valuation hierarchy are as follows:

 

Level 1 – inputs are based upon quoted prices for identical instruments traded in active markets.

 

Level 2 – inputs are based upon quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets and model-based valuation techniques for which all significant assumptions are observable in the market.

 

Level 3 – inputs are based upon model-based valuation techniques for which significant assumptions are generally not observable in the market and typically reflect estimates and assumptions that we believe market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability. These include discounted cash flow models and similar valuation techniques.

See Note 1 for further discussion of our fair value measurements.

 


29


 

 

Results of Operations – Comparison of 2021 and 2020 (in thousands, except for percentages)

We determined the Shipyard Division operations associated with the Shipyard Transaction, and associated with certain previously closed Shipyard Division facilities, to be discontinued operations in 2021 and have recast 2020 financial information accordingly. Further, consolidated operating and segment results for 2020 are different from previously issued Financial Statements as they have been adjusted to reflect the correction of prior period immaterial errors. See “Overview” above and Note 3 for further discussion of the Shipyard Transaction and our discontinued operations and Note 1, Note 12 and Note 13 for further discussion of the correction of the prior period immaterial errors.

Consolidated

 

 

Years Ended December 31,

 

 

Favorable

(Unfavorable)

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

Change

 

New Awards

 

$

66,488

 

 

$

67,327

 

 

$

(839

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

$

93,452

 

 

$

117,729

 

 

$

(24,277

)

Cost of revenue

 

 

91,788

 

 

 

125,596

 

 

 

33,808

 

Gross profit (loss)

 

 

1,664

 

 

 

(7,867

)

 

 

9,531

 

Gross profit (loss) percentage

 

 

1.8

%

 

 

(6.7

)%

 

 

 

 

General and administrative expense

 

 

11,848

 

 

 

12,725

 

 

 

877

 

Impairments and (gain) loss on assets held for sale, net

 

 

 

 

 

2,491

 

 

 

2,491

 

Other (income) expense, net

 

 

3,300

 

 

 

(9,180

)

 

 

(12,480

)

Operating loss

 

 

(13,484

)

 

 

(13,903

)

 

 

419

 

Gain on extinguishment of debt

 

 

9,061

 

 

 

 

 

 

9,061

 

Interest (expense) income, net

 

 

(397

)

 

 

(268

)

 

 

(129

)

Loss before income taxes

 

 

(4,820

)

 

 

(14,171

)

 

 

9,351

 

Income tax (expense) benefit

 

 

24

 

 

 

52

 

 

 

(28

)

Loss from continuing operations

 

 

(4,796

)

 

 

(14,119

)

 

 

9,323

 

Loss from discontinued operations, net of taxes

 

 

(17,372

)

 

 

(13,307

)

 

 

(4,065

)

Net loss

 

$

(22,168

)

 

$

(27,426

)

 

$

5,258

 

Consolidated operating results for 2021 include the results of the DSS Business beginning on December 1, 2021, the Acquisition Date of the DSS Business. See Note 4 for further discussion of the DSS Acquisition.

 

New Project Awards – New project awards for 2021 and 2020 were $66.5 million and $67.3 million, respectively. Significant new project awards for 2021 include small-scale fabrication and offshore services work within our Fabrication & Services Division. Significant new project awards for 2020 include:

 

A marine docking structures project in the second quarter 2020 and a subsea structures project in the third quarter 2020, within our Fabrication & Services Division,

 

Additional scopes of work for our offshore jacket and deck project in the second quarter 2020 within our Fabrication & Services Division, and

 

Small-scale fabrication and offshore services work within our Fabrication & Services Division.

 

Revenue – Revenue for 2021 and 2020 was $93.5 million and $117.7 million, respectively, representing a decrease of 20.6%. The decrease was primarily due to:

Lower revenue for our Fabrication & Services Division of $18.4 million, primarily attributable to:

 

No revenue for our paddlewheel river boat project and offshore jacket and deck project that were completed in the first quarter 2020 and third quarter 2020, respectively,

 

Lower revenue for our material supply, marine docking structures and offshore modules projects, and

 

Reduced onshore services activity, offset partially by,

 

Incremental revenue associated with the DSS Business,

 

Higher revenue for our subsea structures project, and

 

Increased offshore services and small-scale fabrication project activity.

Lower revenue for our Shipyard Division of $7.6 million, primarily attributable to:

 

Lower revenue for our two forty-vehicle ferry projects, and

 

Lower revenue for our seventy-vehicle ferry project.

 

30


 

 

Gross profit (loss) – Gross profit for 2021 was $1.7 million (1.8% of revenue) compared to a gross loss of $7.9 million (6.7% of revenue) for 2020. Gross profit for 2021 was primarily impacted by:

 

Project improvements of $3.3 million for our Fabrication & Services Division, offset partially by,

 

Project charges of $3.8 million for our Shipyard Division,

 

Low revenue volume for our Fabrication & Services Division,

 

The partial under-recovery of overhead costs associated with the under-utilization of our facilities and resources within our Fabrication & Services Division, and

 

Holding costs of $0.8 million for our Shipyard Division related to the two MPSVs that remain in our possession and are subject to dispute.

The gross profit for 2021 relative to the gross loss for 2020 was primarily due to:

 

The aforementioned project improvements of $3.3 million for 2021 for our Fabrication & Services Division,

 

Project charges of $8.3 million for 2020 for our Shipyard Division, and

 

A higher margin mix relative to 2020 for our Fabrication & Services Division, offset partially by,

 

An increase in the under-recovery of overhead costs for our Fabrication & Services Division,

 

The aforementioned project charges of $3.8 million for 2021 for our Shipyard Division,

 

Project improvements of $2.7 million for 2020 for our Fabrication & Services Division, and

 

Lower revenue volume for our Fabrication & Services Division.

See “Operating Segments” below and Note 2 for further discussion of our project impacts.

 

General and administrative expense – General and administrative expense for 2021 and 2020 was $11.8 million (12.7% of revenue) and $12.7 million (10.8% of revenue), respectively, representing a decrease of 6.9%. The decrease was primarily due to:

 

Lower external audit and legal and advisory fees,

 

Cost reduction initiatives including combining our former Fabrication Division and Services Division in the first quarter 2020, and

 

Other cost savings including reductions in board size and the salaries of our executive officers in 2020, offset partially by,

 

Higher incentive plan and insurance costs,

 

Higher costs associated with initiatives to diversify and enhance our business, and

 

Incremental administrative costs associated with the DSS Business, including amortization of intangible assets.

 

General and administrative expense included legal and advisory fees of $0.9 million and $1.0 million for 2021 and 2020, respectively, associated with our MPSV contract dispute, which are reflected within our Shipyard Division. See Note 10 for further discussion of our MPSV dispute.

 

Impairments and (gain) loss on assets held for sale, net – Impairments and (gain) loss on assets held for sale, net for 2020 was a loss of $2.5 million and was primarily due to:

 

Impairments of $1.4 million associated with assets held for sale and a loss of $0.2 million associated with the sale of assets held for sale, within our Fabrication & Services Division, and

 

Impairments of $0.9 million associated with the relocation and consolidation of certain assets to improve operational efficiency within our Fabrication & Services Division.

See Note 5 for further discussion of our impairments.

 


31


 

 

Other (income) expense, net – Other (income) expense, net for 2021 and 2020 was expense of $3.3 million and income of $9.2 million, respectively. Other (income) expense, net generally represents recoveries or provisions for bad debts, gains or losses associated with the sale or disposition of property and equipment other than assets held for sale, and income or expense associated with certain nonrecurring items. Other expense for 2021 was primarily due to:

 

Charges of $3.2 million associated with damage caused by Hurricane Ida to our buildings and equipment at our F&S Facility within our Fabrication & Services Division,

 

Charges of $0.6 million associated with damage caused by Hurricane Ida to our second forty-vehicle ferry project and to the MPSVs which are in our possession and subject to dispute within our Shipyard Division,

 

Transaction costs of $0.5 million associated with the DSS Acquisition within our Fabrication & Services Division, and

 

Carry costs associated with our leased Jennings Facility and Lake Charles Facility (which were closed in the fourth quarter 2020) within our Shipyard Division, offset partially by,

 

Gains on the sales of equipment and scrap materials within our Fabrication & Services Division, and

 

Insurance recoveries associated with previous damage caused by Hurricane Laura to our Lake Charles Facility within our Shipyard Division.

Other income for 2020 was primarily due to:

 

A gain of $10.0 million associated with the settlement of a contract dispute for a project completed in 2015 within our Fabrication & Services Division, offset partially by,

 

Charges of $0.8 million associated with damage caused by Hurricane Laura to warehouses and bulkheads at our Lake Charles Facility within our Shipyard Division.

See Note 1 for further discussion of our settlement of the completed project dispute, Note 2 for further discussion of the impacts of Hurricanes Ida and Laura and Note 10 for further discussion of our MPSV dispute.

 

Gain from extinguishment of debt – Gain from extinguishment of debt for 2021 was $9.1 million and was related to the SBA’s forgiveness of $8.9 million of our PPP Loan, plus accrued interest. See Note 7 and “Liquidity and Capital Resources” below for further discussion of our PPP Loan forgiveness.

 

Interest (expense) income, net – Interest (expense) income, net for 2021 and 2020 was expense of $0.4 million and $0.3 million, respectively. Interest (expense) income, net consists of interest earned on our cash and short-term investment balances, interest incurred on the PPP Loan and the unused portion of our LC Facility, and amortization of deferred financing costs on our LC Facility. The increase in expense for 2021 relative to 2020 was primarily due to the write-off of deferred financing costs in connection with the amendment of our LC Facility and lower interest rates for the 2021 period.

Income tax (expense) benefit – Income tax (expense) benefit for 2021 and 2020 represents state income taxes. No federal income tax benefit was recorded for either period as a full valuation allowance was recorded against our net deferred tax assets generated during the periods.

Operating Segments

Fabrication & Services Division

 

 

Years Ended December 31,

 

 

Favorable

(Unfavorable)

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

Change

 

New Awards

 

$

66,488

 

 

$

66,654

 

 

$

(166

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

$

81,083

 

 

$

99,485

 

 

$

(18,402

)

Gross profit

 

 

6,189

 

 

 

1,554

 

 

 

4,635

 

Gross loss percentage

 

 

7.6

%

 

 

1.6

%

 

 

 

 

General and administrative expense

 

 

3,222

 

 

 

3,442

 

 

 

220

 

Impairments and (gain) loss on assets held for sale, net

 

 

 

 

 

2,491

 

 

 

2,491

 

Other (income) expense, net

 

 

2,706

 

 

 

(10,033

)

 

 

(12,739

)

Operating income

 

 

261

 

 

 

5,654

 

 

 

(5,393

)

Operating results for our Fabrication & Services Division for 2021 include the results of the DSS Business beginning on December 1, 2021, the Acquisition Date of the DSS Business. See Note 4 for further discussion of the DSS Acquisition.

 


32


 

 

New Project Awards – New project awards for 2021 and 2020 were $66.5 million and $66.7 million, respectively. Significant new project awards for 2021 include small-scale fabrication and offshore services work. Significant new project awards for 2020 include:

 

A marine docking structures project in the second quarter 2020,

 

A subsea structures project in the third quarter 2020,

 

Additional scopes of work for our offshore jacket and deck project in the second quarter 2020, and

 

Small-scale fabrication and offshore services work.

 

Revenue – Revenue for 2021 and 2020 was $81.1 million and $99.5 million, respectively, representing a decrease of 18.5%. The decrease was primarily due to:

 

No revenue for our paddlewheel river boat and offshore jacket and deck project that were completed in the first quarter 2020 and third quarter 2020, respectively,

 

Lower revenue for our material supply, marine docking structures and offshore modules projects, and

 

Reduced onshore services activity, offset partially by,

 

Incremental revenue associated with the DSS Business,

 

Higher revenue for our subsea structures project, and

 

Increased offshore services and small-scale fabrication project activity.

 

Gross profit – Gross profit for 2021 and 2020 was $6.2 million (7.6% of revenue) and $1.6 million (1.6% of revenue), respectively. Gross profit for 2021 was primarily impacted by:

 

Project improvements of $3.3 million related to cost decreases and favorable resolution of change orders for our material supply, offshore modules and marine docking structures projects, offset partially by,

 

Low revenue volume due to low backlog levels, and

 

The partial under-recovery of overhead costs associated with the under-utilization of our facilities and resources due to low work hours.

The increase in gross profit for 2021 relative to 2020 was primarily due to:

 

The aforementioned project improvements of $3.3 million for 2021, and

 

A higher margin mix relative to 2020, offset partially by,

 

An increase in the under-recovery of overhead costs due to a decrease in work hours associated with our large fabrication project activity,

 

Lower revenue volume, and

 

Project improvements of $2.7 million for 2020 on our offshore jacket and deck, paddlewheel riverboat and subsea components projects.

The Fabrication & Services Division utilization for 2021 and 2020 benefited by $1.0 million and $1.2 million, respectively, from providing resources and facilities to our Shipyard Division for our seventy-vehicle ferry and two forty-vehicle ferry projects. See Note 2 for further discussion of our project impacts.

 

General and administrative expense – General and administrative expense for 2021 and 2020 was $3.2 million (4.0% of revenue) and $3.4 million (3.5% of revenue), respectively, representing a decrease of 6.4%. The decrease was primarily due:

 

Cost reduction initiatives including combining our former Fabrication Division and Services Division during the first quarter 2020, offset partially by,

 

Incremental administrative costs associated with the DSS Business, including amortization of intangible assets.

 

Impairments and (gain) loss on assets held for sale, net – Impairments and (gain) loss on assets held for sale, net for 2020 was a loss of $2.5 million and was primarily due to:

 

Impairments of $1.4 million associated with assets held for sale and a loss of $0.2 million associated with the sale of assets held for sale, and

 

Impairments of $0.9 million associated with the relocation and consolidation of certain assets to improve operational efficiency.

See Note 5 for further discussion of our impairments.

 


33


 

 

Other (income) expense, net – Other (income) expense, net for 2021 and 2020 was expense of $2.7 million and income of $10.0 million, respectively. Other expense for 2021 was primarily due to:

 

Charges of $3.2 million associated with damage caused by Hurricane Ida to buildings and equipment at our F&S Facility, and

 

Transaction costs of $0.5 million associated with the DSS Acquisition, offset partially by,

 

Gains on the sales of equipment and scrap materials.

Other income for 2020 was primarily due to a gain of $10.0 million associated with the settlement of a contract dispute for a project completed in 2015. See Note 2 for further discussion of the impacts of Hurricane Ida and Note 1 for further discussion of our settlement of the completed project dispute.

Shipyard Division

 

 

Years Ended December 31,

 

 

Favorable

(Unfavorable)

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

Change

 

New Awards

 

$

 

 

$

673

 

 

$

(673

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

$

12,878

 

 

$

20,468

 

 

$

(7,590

)

Gross loss

 

 

(4,242

)

 

 

(9,213

)

 

 

4,971

 

Gross loss percentage

 

 

(32.9

)%

 

 

(45.0

)%

 

 

 

 

General and administrative expense

 

 

934

 

 

 

1,038

 

 

 

104

 

Other (income) expense, net

 

 

593

 

 

 

850

 

 

 

257

 

Operating loss

 

 

(5,769

)

 

 

(11,101

)

 

 

5,332

 

New Project Awards – New project awards for 2020 were $0.7 million.

Revenue – Revenue for 2021 and 2020